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Showing 1 to 15 of 120 results Save | Export
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Jerrim, John; Sims, Sam – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
An extensive literature has investigated the link between living in an area with an academically selective schooling system and young people's educational outcomes. In contrast, evidence on the link between selective education and young people's wider outcomes is relatively sparse. This article uses rich survey data to test whether young people…
Descriptors: Selective Admission, Interpersonal Competence, Emotional Development, Social Development
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Baker, Dominique J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Eight states currently have bans on affirmative action, yet little research has focused on the characteristics of states that predict ban adoption. To begin filling this gap in the literature, I conduct discrete-time survival analysis on an aggregated data set of 47 states from 1995 to 2012 to investigate the extent to which various…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, College Admission, Public Colleges, Predictor Variables
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Leath, Seanna; Mathews, Channing; Harrison, Asya; Chavous, Tabbye – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study examined the associations among racial identity beliefs (centrality and public regard), racial discrimination, and academic engagement outcomes among 1,659 African American adolescents across two demographically distinct school districts, one predominantly Black, working class (n = 1,100) and one predominantly White, middle class (n =…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Racial Discrimination, School Districts, Gender Differences
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Han, Seong Won; Borgonovi, Francesca; Guerriero, Sonia – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study examines between-country differences in the degree to which teachers' working conditions, salaries, and societal evaluations about desirable job characteristics are associated with students' teaching career expectations. Three-level hierarchical generalized linear models are employed to analyze cross-national data from the Programme for…
Descriptors: High School Students, Teaching (Occupation), Vocational Interests, Career Choice
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Plasman, Jay Stratte – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
While prior studies have examined the efficacy of career and technical education (CTE) courses on high school students' outcomes, there is little knowledge on timing of these courses and a potential link to student outcomes. We asked if the timing of these courses predicted differences in the likelihood of dropout and on-time high school…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Dropouts, College Bound Students, High School Students
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Hill, Heather C.; Chin, Mark – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Both scholars and professional standards identify teachers' knowledge of students as important to promoting effective instruction and student learning. Prior research investigates two such types of knowledge: knowledge of student thinking and teacher accuracy in predicting student performance on cognitive assessments. However, the field presents…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Teachers
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Murphy, P. Karen; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Firetto, Carla M.; Hendrick, Brendan D.; Li, Mengyi; Montalbano, Cristin; Wei, Liwei – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Students often struggle to comprehend complex text. In response, we conducted an initial, year-long study of Quality Talk, a teacher-facilitated, small-group discussion approach designed to enhance students' basic and high-level comprehension, in two fourth-grade classrooms. Specifically, teachers delivered instructional mini-lessons on discourse…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Small Group Instruction, Group Discussion, Elementary School Students
Ganley, Colleen M.; George, Casey E.; Cimpian, Joseph R.; Makowski, Martha B. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Women are underrepresented in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors and in some non-STEM majors (e.g., philosophy). Combining newly gathered data on students' perceptions of college major traits with data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), we find that perceived gender bias against women…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Gender Differences, Sex Fairness, Females
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Bertram, Christiane; Wagner, Wolfgang; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study examined the effectiveness of the oral history approach with respect to students' historical competence. A total of 35 ninth-grade classes (N = 900) in Germany were randomly assigned to one of four conditions--live, video, text, or a (nontreated) control group--in a pretest, posttest, and follow-up design. Comparing the three…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Oral History, Interviews, Intervention
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Foster, E. Michael; Jenkins, Jade V. Marcus – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article reconsiders the association between childhood arts participation and cognitive and developmental outcomes. Using data from a large, nationally representative sample with extensive covariates, we employ propensity score weighting to adjust comparisons of children who do and do not participate in arts education (music and performing…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Music Activities, Theater Arts, Art Education
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Thomas, Almut E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Implicit stereotypes associating science with male might play a role in the development of gender differences in students' motivations for physical science. Particularly, the stereotypes of influential adults may induce students' regulatory foci and subsequently their motivational beliefs. Drawing on expectancy-value theory, this study…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Student Motivation, Science Interests, Physical Sciences
Grissom, Jason A.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
School performance pressures apply disproportionately to tested grades and subjects. Using longitudinal administrative data--including achievement data from untested grades--and teacher survey data from a large urban district, we examine schools' responses to those pressures in assigning teachers to high-stakes and low-stakes classrooms. We find…
Descriptors: Student Records, Academic Achievement, Teacher Surveys, Tests
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Gage, Nicholas A.; Larson, Alvin; Sugai, George; Chafouleas, Sandra M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Research indicates that school climate influences students' academic, social, and behavioral outcomes. Therefore, improving school climate provides a promising avenue for preventing academic, social, and behavioral difficulties. Research has examined school-level measurement of school climate, but few studies have examined student-level responses…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Student Attitudes, Predictor Variables, Referral
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Colaner, Anna C. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Non-parental arrangements for young children serve a dual function as supports for parental activities and educational inputs for children. However, arrangements that are suited to meet families' specific needs and preferences are sometimes in tension with experts' definitions of "quality." Researchers and policymakers increasingly…
Descriptors: Family Programs, Early Childhood Education, Family Needs, Preferences
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Callahan, Rebecca M.; Humphries, Melissa H. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Considerable research investigates the immigrant advantage--the academic benefit first- and second-generation students experience relative to native-born peers. However, little work examines how school-based linguistic status may influence this advantage. Contradictory patterns exist: Research identifies both an immigrant advantage and a language…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Generational Differences, Indigenous Populations, Language Minorities
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