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Reardon, Sean F.; Fahle, Erin M.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Podolsky, Anne; Zárate, Rosalía C. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
We estimate male-female test score gaps in math and English language arts (ELA) for nearly 10,000 U.S. school districts using state accountability data from third- through eighth-grade students in the 2008-2009 through 2015-2016 school years. We find that the average U.S. school district has no gender achievement gap in math, but there is a gap of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, English, Language Arts
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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
Hill, Heather C.; Chin, Mark – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Both scholars and professional standards identify teachers' knowledge of students as important to promoting effective instruction and student learning. Prior research investigates two such types of knowledge: knowledge of student thinking and teacher accuracy in predicting student performance on cognitive assessments. However, the field presents…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Teachers
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Brisson, Brigitte Maria; Dicke, Anna-Lena; Gaspard, Hanna; Häfner, Isabelle; Flunger, Barbara; Nagengast, Benjamin; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study investigated the effectiveness of two short relevance interventions (writing a text or evaluating quotations about the utility of mathematics) using a sample of 1,916 students in 82 math classrooms in a cluster randomized controlled experiment. Short-term and sustained effects (6 weeks and 5 months after the intervention) of the…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Intervention, Mathematics Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Shifrer, Dara; Turley, Ruth López; Heard, Holly – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Teacher performance pay programs are theorized to improve student achievement by incentivizing teachers, but opponents counter that teachers are not motivated by money. We used regression discontinuity techniques and data on a census of the students, teachers, and schools in a large urban minority-majority school district to show receipt of a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Regression (Statistics), Disadvantaged, Incentives
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Llosa, Lorena; Lee, Okhee; Jiang, Feng; Haas, Alison; O'Connor, Corey; Van Booven, Christopher D.; Kieffer, Michael J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
The authors evaluated the effects of P-SELL, a science curricular and professional development intervention for fifth-grade students with a focus on English language learners (ELLs). Using a randomized controlled trial design with 33 treatment and 33 control schools across three school districts in one state, we found significant and meaningfully…
Descriptors: Intervention, Science Education, Science Course Improvement Projects, Program Effectiveness
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Despite the vast body of research examining the relationship between full-day kindergarten attendance and children's outcomes, little is known about the effects of full-day kindergarten on children with disabilities (i.e., students with 1 of the 13 categories of disabilities recognized under federal law). This study fills this research void by…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Schedules, Disabilities, Academic Achievement
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Carnoy, Martin; Khavenson, Tatiana; Loyalka, Prashant; Schmidt, William H.; Zakharov, Andrey – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
International assessments, such as the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), are being used to recommend educational policies to improve student achievement. This study shows that the cross-sectional estimates behind such recommendations may be biased. We use a unique data set from one country that applied the PISA mathematics test…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Outcomes of Education, Longitudinal Studies, Achievement Tests
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Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
Middle schools are important because they launch students on trajectories that they are likely to follow throughout their formal educations. This study explored the relationship of first-generation segregation (elementary and middle school racial composition) and second-generation segregation (racially correlated academic tracks) to reading and…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Academic Achievement, School Segregation, Racial Composition
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Gottfried, Michael A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
Researchers, policymakers, practitioners, and parents have assumed a positive relationship between school attendance and academic success. And yet, among the vast body of empirical research examining how input factors relate to academic outcomes, few investigations have honed in on the precision of the relationship between individual attendance…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Quasiexperimental Design, Middle Schools, Grade Point Average
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Chiu, Ming Ming; Khoo, Lawrence – American Educational Research Journal, 2005
This study examined how resources, distribution inequality, and biases toward privileged students affected academic performance. Fifteen-year-olds from 41 countries completed a questionnaire and tests in mathematics, reading, and science. Multilevel regression analyses showed that students scored higher in all subjects when they had more resources…
Descriptors: Advantaged, Bias, Academic Achievement, Questionnaires
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Bielinski, John; Davison, Mark L. – American Educational Research Journal, 1998
Whether there is a gender-by-item interaction that makes easy mathematics test items easier for females than for males and difficult items harder for females than for males was tested in two studies, involving 10,321 eighth graders and 5332 ninth graders and results from nine mathematics tests. The hypothesis was generally supported, as discussed.…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Grade 8, Grade 9, High School Students
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Kallison, James M., Jr. – American Educational Research Journal, 1986
The effects of teacher behaviors comprising lesson organization on student achievement were investigated in undergraduate students. Two instructional conditions were proper versus manipulated sequence and explicit organization behaviors present versus absent. Explicit organization had a significant effect on achievement. No significant…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Higher Education, Lesson Plans
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Chipman, Susan F.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1991
The effects of problem content on mathematics word problem performance were explored for 128 male and 128 female college students solving problems with masculine, feminine, and neutral (familiar and unfamiliar) cover stories. No effect of sex typing was found, and a small, but highly significant, effect was found for familiarity. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Students, Comparative Testing, Familiarity, Females
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Kupermintz, Haggai; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1995
This study demonstrates that the validity and usefulness of mathematics achievement tests can be improved by defining psychologically meaningful subscores that yield differential relations with student, teacher, and school variables. The eighth- and tenth-grade mathematics tests from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) were…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade 10