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Redding, Christopher; Henry, Gary T. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Most prior research measures teacher turnover as an annual event, but teachers actually leave their positions throughout the school year. We use data from North Carolina to measure teacher turnover monthly throughout the entire year and conduct an analysis of their persistence to examine the differences in early career teacher turnover. Annually,…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Faculty Mobility, Teacher Persistence, Teacher Characteristics
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Nguyen, Bach Mai Dolly; Noguera, Pedro; Adkins, Nathan; Teranishi, Robert T. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Research on the school discipline gap reveals growing awareness of the disproportionate impact on students of color; however, dynamics of the racial discipline gap remain underanalyzed. This article uses risk ratios to descriptively establish if ethnic disproportionality in school discipline is present among Asian American and Pacific Islander…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Discipline, Asian American Students, Pacific Americans
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Grissom, Jason A.; Bartanen, Brendan – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Studies link principal effectiveness to lower average rates of teacher turnover. However, principals need not target retention efforts equally to all teachers. Instead, strong principals may seek to strategically influence the composition of their school's teaching force by retaining high performers and not retaining lower performers. We…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Labor Turnover, Teacher Persistence
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Markowitz, Anna J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
After the adoption of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), a host of anecdotal evidence suggested that NCLB diminished students' school engagement--a multidimensional construct that describes students' active involvement and commitment to school and encompasses students' thoughts, behaviors, and feelings about school. Using data from repeated…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Accountability, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
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Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Diem, Sarah; Frankenberg, Erica – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
In this qualitative case study, we explore the political impulses behind suburban secession from the 2013 Memphis-Shelby County merger, the largest school district consolidation in recent history. Decades removed from the Civil Rights Movement, during a period of stark inequality, colorblind law and policymaking, and a diminished understanding of…
Descriptors: School Districts, Case Studies, Qualitative Research, Suburban Schools
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Marsh, Julie A.; Hall, Michelle – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This article seeks to deepen our understanding of the nature and quality of democratic participation in educational reform by examining the first-year implementation of California's Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) mandating civic engagement in district decision-making. Drawing on democratic theory, empirical literature, and data from 10…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Democracy, Democratic Values, Public Administration
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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
Goldhaber, Dan; Quince, Vanessa; Theobald, Roddy – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
There is mounting evidence of substantial "teacher quality gaps" (TQGs) between advantaged and disadvantaged students but practically no empirical evidence about their history. We use longitudinal data on public school students, teachers, and schools from two states--North Carolina and Washington--to provide a descriptive history of the…
Descriptors: Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational History, Educational Change
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Davis, Bradley W.; Gooden, Mark A.; Bowers, Alex J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Utilizing rich data on nearly 11,000 educators over 17 academic years in a highly diverse context, we examine the career paths of teachers to determine whether and when they transition into the principalship. We utilize a variety of event history analyses, including discrete-time hazard modeling, to determine how an individual's race, gender, and…
Descriptors: Principals, Certification, Elementary Secondary Education, National Surveys
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Rhodes, Anna; Warkentien, Siri – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Large disparities in educational quality exist between cities and surrounding suburban school districts and are increasing between suburban districts--a trend that emerged over the past several decades and shows signs of growing. Using in-depth interviews, this study examines how children are sorted into different school districts across a…
Descriptors: Suburban Schools, Access to Education, Metropolitan Areas, School Districts
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Frankenberg, Erica – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Student assignment policies (SAPs) in K-12 schools can either reproduce or help ameliorate existing inequality. Some districts are trying to maintain voluntarily adopted integration policies despite the Supreme Court's recent 2007 decision in "Parents Involved," which prohibited most race-conscious school choice policies that were…
Descriptors: Student Placement, School Choice, Elementary Secondary Education, School Segregation
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Donato, Rubén; Hanson, Jarrod – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article examines the emergence of Mexican American school segregation from 1915 to 1935 in Kansas, the state that gave rise to "Brown v. Board of Education" in 1954. Even though Mexicans were not referenced in Kansas's school segregation laws, they were seen and treated as a racially distinct group. White parents and civic…
Descriptors: Educational History, Mexican Americans, Racial Bias, School Segregation
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Galindo, Claudia; Sanders, Mavis; Abel, Yolanda – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Full-service community schools aim to reduce educational inequality by addressing the multifaceted needs of low-income children and youth. Critical to this task is the ability of these schools to generate sufficient social capital to provide students, families, and teachers with essential resources. Using data from a qualitative case study, this…
Descriptors: Educational Experience, Qualitative Research, Case Studies, Social Capital
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Powers, Jeanne M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article is a commentary on Erica Frankenberg's article, "Assessing Segregation under a New Generation of Controlled Choice Policies." Both school segregation and organized efforts to end segregation have a long and deep history in the United States. The Supreme Court's decision in "Brown v. Board of Education" (1954) has…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, Barriers, Desegregation Methods, School Choice
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Tieken, Mara Casey – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Cross-sector collaborations can generate the resources and political will necessary to tackle urgent, complex issues. Because these partnerships involve local leaders, they are typically responsive to their surrounding communities, addressing local concerns, and capitalizing upon local assets. These strengths-oriented, locally driven…
Descriptors: Partnerships in Education, Local Issues, Local Norms, Group Dynamics
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