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Roth, Kathleen J.; Wilson, Christopher D.; Taylor, Joseph A.; Stuhlsatz, Molly A. M.; Hvidsten, Connie – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study tests the influence of a video-based, analysis-of-practice professional development (PD) program on upper-elementary teachers' science content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, and teaching practice and on their students' achievement. Using a cluster-randomized experimental design, the study compares the outcomes for teachers in…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Faculty Development, Science Instruction, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Leath, Seanna; Mathews, Channing; Harrison, Asya; Chavous, Tabbye – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study examined the associations among racial identity beliefs (centrality and public regard), racial discrimination, and academic engagement outcomes among 1,659 African American adolescents across two demographically distinct school districts, one predominantly Black, working class (n = 1,100) and one predominantly White, middle class (n =…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Racial Discrimination, School Districts, Gender Differences
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Ansari, Arya; Pianta, Robert C.; Whittaker, Jessica V.; Vitiello, Virginia E.; Ruzek, Erik A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This investigation considered the short-term benefits of early childhood education participation at age 3 for 1,213 children from low-income families living in a large and linguistically diverse county. Although no benefits emerged for executive functioning, children who participated in formal early childhood programs at the age of 3 entered…
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education, Low Income
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Han, Seong Won; Borgonovi, Francesca; Guerriero, Sonia – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study examines between-country differences in the degree to which teachers' working conditions, salaries, and societal evaluations about desirable job characteristics are associated with students' teaching career expectations. Three-level hierarchical generalized linear models are employed to analyze cross-national data from the Programme for…
Descriptors: High School Students, Teaching (Occupation), Vocational Interests, Career Choice
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Hillman, Nicholas W.; Hicklin Fryar, Alisa; Crespín-Trujillo, Valerie – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Today, 35 states use performance-based funding models tying appropriations directly to educational outcomes. Financial incentives should induce colleges to improve performance, but there are several well-documented reasons why this is unlikely to occur. We examine how two of the most robust performance funding states--Tennessee and Ohio--responded…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Incentives
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Potochnick, Stephanie – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study provides the first national-level assessment of the size and academic performance of immigrant students with interrupted schooling. Exploiting unique aspects of the Educational Longitudinal Study (2002), a national-level survey of U.S. 10th graders, this study identifies students with interrupted schooling and uses multivariate analysis…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Immigrants, Institutional Characteristics, Academic Achievement
Estrada, Peggy; Wang, Haiwen – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Employing longitudinal, multisite comparative mixed-methods, we describe patterns of reclassifying and not reclassifying eligible English learner (EL) students to fluent English proficient, and we identify factors impeding and facilitating reclassification. Analyses of administrative data for 7 cohorts of students over 3 years in one district and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Classification, Criteria, Longitudinal Studies
Goldhaber, Dan; Quince, Vanessa; Theobald, Roddy – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
There is mounting evidence of substantial "teacher quality gaps" (TQGs) between advantaged and disadvantaged students but practically no empirical evidence about their history. We use longitudinal data on public school students, teachers, and schools from two states--North Carolina and Washington--to provide a descriptive history of the…
Descriptors: Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational History, Educational Change
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Bertram, Christiane; Wagner, Wolfgang; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study examined the effectiveness of the oral history approach with respect to students' historical competence. A total of 35 ninth-grade classes (N = 900) in Germany were randomly assigned to one of four conditions--live, video, text, or a (nontreated) control group--in a pretest, posttest, and follow-up design. Comparing the three…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Oral History, Interviews, Intervention
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Hamlin, Daniel – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Families in deindustrialized cities with high crime rates report prioritizing school safety when opting for charter schools. Yet, very little research has investigated whether charter schools are safer than traditional public schools. This study compares charter and traditional public schools in Detroit, Michigan, on perceived school safety by…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Crime, School Safety, Hypothesis Testing
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Bastian, Kevin C.; Marks, Julie T. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Given concerns with the performance and attrition of novice teachers, North Carolina allocated $7.7 million from Race to the Top to create the New Teacher Support Program (NTSP), an induction model developed and implemented by the state's public university system and targeted at low-performing schools. In this study, we assess the associations…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Beginning Teacher Induction, Teacher Education Programs, Low Achievement
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Brisson, Brigitte Maria; Dicke, Anna-Lena; Gaspard, Hanna; Häfner, Isabelle; Flunger, Barbara; Nagengast, Benjamin; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study investigated the effectiveness of two short relevance interventions (writing a text or evaluating quotations about the utility of mathematics) using a sample of 1,916 students in 82 math classrooms in a cluster randomized controlled experiment. Short-term and sustained effects (6 weeks and 5 months after the intervention) of the…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Intervention, Mathematics Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Ishimaru, Ann M.; Torres, Kathryn E.; Salvador, Jessica E.; Lott, Joe, II; Williams, Dawn M. Cameron; Tran, Christine – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Families are key actors in efforts to improve student learning and outcomes, but conventional engagement efforts often disregard the cultural and social resources of nondominant families. Individuals who serve as cultural brokers play critical, though complex, roles bridging between schools and families. Using an equitable collaboration lens with…
Descriptors: Family Involvement, Equal Education, Comparative Analysis, Family School Relationship
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Ryan, Sarah; Ream, Robert K. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Not beginning college at a four-year institution has been demonstrated as one key obstacle to equitable rates of bachelor's degree attainment among Hispanic individuals in the United States. Drawing on nationally representative longitudinal data and social capital theory, this research investigates the process of four-year college enrollment among…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Educational Attainment, Bachelors Degrees, Social Capital
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Oberfield, Zachary W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Public charter schools (PCS) are thought to succeed because they have greater autonomy and are held more accountable than traditional public schools (TPS). Though teachers are central to this expectation, there is little evidence about whether teachers in PCS enjoy more autonomy and are held more accountable than teachers in TPS. Also, it is…
Descriptors: Professional Autonomy, Accountability, Public Schools, Charter Schools
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