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Kibler, Amanda K.; Molloy Elreda, Lauren; Hemmler, Vonna L.; Arbeit, Miriam R.; Beeson, Rebecca; Johnson, Haley E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Adolescents' peer networks tend to segregate by relative language proficiency, but students from all linguistic backgrounds benefit academically from classroom peer relationships both within and across English learner (EL) and non-EL classified groups. We drew upon social network analysis of student survey data in 46 English and math middle school…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Peer Relationship, English Language Learners, English Instruction
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Van Zanden, Brooke; Parker, Philip D.; Guo, Jiesi; Conigrave, James; Seaton, Marjorie – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
We evaluated STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) coursework selection by women and men (representative longitudinal sample, 10,370 Australians) in senior high school and university, controlling achievement and expectancy-value variables. A near-zero total effect of gender on high school STEM enrollment reflected pathways…
Descriptors: Females, STEM Education, Course Selection (Students), High School Students
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Jerrim, John; Sims, Sam – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
An extensive literature has investigated the link between living in an area with an academically selective schooling system and young people's educational outcomes. In contrast, evidence on the link between selective education and young people's wider outcomes is relatively sparse. This article uses rich survey data to test whether young people…
Descriptors: Selective Admission, Interpersonal Competence, Emotional Development, Social Development
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Xu, Di – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Understanding the relative impacts of part-time adjuncts in community colleges is highly policy-relevant, partly because community colleges rely on part-time faculty heavily and partly because community colleges assume a critical role in addressing the national equity agenda by disproportionately serving underrepresented groups. This study uses…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Faculty, Adjunct Faculty, Part Time Faculty
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Le, Vi-Nhuan; Schaack, Diana; Neishi, Kristen; Hernandez, Marc W.; Blank, Rolf – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Policymakers have advocated academic skills building at kindergarten as a way of improving student achievement. However, early childhood educators have concerns with this policy as gains in achievement may come at the expense of children's social-emotional skills. Using a nationally representative data set of kindergartners, we find that advanced…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Academic Achievement, Early Childhood Teachers, Achievement Gains
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Caraballo, Limarys – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Discourses of achievement often overlook the interdependence of classroom contexts, students' identities, and academic performance. This narrative analysis explores how high-achieving students of color construct identities-in-practice in a diverse urban middle school. By documenting explicit moments in which students construct…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, High Achievement
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Ansari, Arya; Pianta, Robert C.; Whittaker, Jessica V.; Vitiello, Virginia E.; Ruzek, Erik A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This investigation considered the short-term benefits of early childhood education participation at age 3 for 1,213 children from low-income families living in a large and linguistically diverse county. Although no benefits emerged for executive functioning, children who participated in formal early childhood programs at the age of 3 entered…
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education, Low Income
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Cordes, Sarah A.; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Residential mobility is likely to have consequences for student performance, but prior empirical work is largely correlational and offers little insight into its impacts. Using rich, longitudinal data, we estimate the effects of residential mobility on the performance of New York City public school students. Using both student fixed effects and…
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Performance Factors
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Kumar, Revathy; Lauermann, Fani – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This cross-sectional study examines associations between preservice teachers' experiences in teacher education (n = 2,129), their beliefs about culturally diverse students, and their endorsed instructional practices within social reconstructionist and achievement goal theory frameworks. Structural equation modeling confirmed significant…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Correlation, Cultural Influences, Teacher Education
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Nuamah, Sally A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between noncognitive skills and achievement is well established. There is much less evidence on how these skills are developed and transmitted to students, especially as it relates to girls that attend nonelite schools in non-Western settings. Drawing on insights from girl students attending an urban school in Ghana, this paper…
Descriptors: Females, Self Concept, Urban Schools, Academic Achievement
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Putwain, David W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Nicholson, Laura J.; Symes, Wendy; Becker, Sandra; Marsh, Herbert W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Based on the control-value theory of achievement emotions, this longitudinal study examined students' control-value appraisals as antecedents of their enjoyment and boredom in mathematics. Self-report data for appraisals and emotions were collected from 579 students in their final year of primary schooling over three waves. Data were analyzed…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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Markowitz, Anna J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
After the adoption of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), a host of anecdotal evidence suggested that NCLB diminished students' school engagement--a multidimensional construct that describes students' active involvement and commitment to school and encompasses students' thoughts, behaviors, and feelings about school. Using data from repeated…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Accountability, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
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Solanki, Sabrina M.; Xu, Di – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Recruiting more female faculty has been suggested as a policy option for addressing gender disparities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields given its ability to engage female students through a role model effect. While a small but growing body of literature has examined the role of instructor gender at the higher…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Motivation, STEM Education, Gender Differences
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Potochnick, Stephanie – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study provides the first national-level assessment of the size and academic performance of immigrant students with interrupted schooling. Exploiting unique aspects of the Educational Longitudinal Study (2002), a national-level survey of U.S. 10th graders, this study identifies students with interrupted schooling and uses multivariate analysis…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Immigrants, Institutional Characteristics, Academic Achievement
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