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Brown, Christopher P.; Englehardt, Joanna; Barry, David P.; Ku, Da Hei – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Kindergarten in the United States has fundamentally changed. It is the new first grade where children are taught increased academic content and experience more standardized testing. There is much debate among education stakeholders about these changes, but such discussions are often siloed-- making it difficult to know whether these changes…
Descriptors: Stakeholders, Educational Change, Kindergarten, Standardized Tests
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Alvear, Sandra A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
The current study analyzes the relationship between elementary school reading achievement and participation in the following language acquisition programs--transitional bilingual, developmental, two-way bilingual immersion, and English immersion. With a focus on the achievement of Spanish-dominant English learners, the study uses multilevel models…
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Bilingual Education, Urban Schools, School Districts
Valentino, Rachel – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Publicly funded pre-K is often touted as a means to narrow achievement gaps, but this goal is less likely to be achieved if poor and/or minority children do not, at a minimum, attend equal quality pre-K as their non-poor, non-minority peers. In this paper, I find large "quality gaps" in public pre-K between poor, minority students and…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Achievement Gap, Educational Quality, Disadvantaged
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Davis, Bradley W.; Gooden, Mark A.; Bowers, Alex J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Utilizing rich data on nearly 11,000 educators over 17 academic years in a highly diverse context, we examine the career paths of teachers to determine whether and when they transition into the principalship. We utilize a variety of event history analyses, including discrete-time hazard modeling, to determine how an individual's race, gender, and…
Descriptors: Principals, Certification, Elementary Secondary Education, National Surveys
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Saporito, Salvatore – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This study investigates how much the geographic shapes of school attendance zones contributes to their levels of income segregation while holding constant levels of income segregation across residential areas. Income segregation across attendance zones is measured with the rank ordered information theory index. Income segregation across…
Descriptors: Attendance, Indexes, Income, Neighborhoods
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Im, Myung Hee; Hughes, Jan N.; Cao, Qian; Kwok, Oi-man – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
We investigated the effect of participating in two domains of extracurricular activities (sports and performance arts/clubs) in Grades 7 and 8 on Grade 9 academic motivation and letter grades, above baseline performance. Participants were 483 students (55% male; 33% Euro-American, 25% African American, and 39% Latino). Propensity score weighting…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Student Participation, Middle School Students, Student Motivation
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Box, Cathy; Skoog, Gerald; Dabbs, Jennifer M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The value and effectiveness of formative assessment in the classroom has gained an increasing amount of attention during the past decade, especially since the publication of seminal work by Black and Wiliam titled "Assessment and Classroom Learning." Since that time, there has been a renewed interest in describing and evaluating teacher…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Formative Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Secondary School Teachers
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Goldenberg, Claude; Tolar, Tammy D.; Reese, Leslie; Francis, David J.; Bazán, Antonio Ray; Mejía-Arauz, Rebeca – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
This comparative study examines relationships between phonemic awareness and Spanish reading skill acquisition among three groups of Spanish-speaking first and second graders: children in Mexico receiving reading instruction in Spanish and children in the United States receiving reading instruction in either Spanish or English. Children were…
Descriptors: Phonemic Awareness, Teaching Methods, Spanish, Reading Skills
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Cooper, Kristy S. – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
This case study analyzes how and why student engagement differs across 581 classes in one diverse high school. Factor analyses of surveys with 1,132 students suggest three types of engaging teaching practices--connective instruction, academic rigor, and lively teaching. Multilevel regression analyses reveal that connective instruction predicts…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, High School Students, Learner Engagement, Regression (Statistics)
Richards, Meredith P. – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
In this study, I employ geospatial techniques to assess the impact of school attendance zone "gerrymandering" on the racial/ethnic segregation of schools, using a large national sample of 15,290 attendance zones in 663 districts. I estimate the effect of gerrymandering on school diversity and school district segregation by comparing the…
Descriptors: Attendance, School Districts, School Segregation, Racial Segregation
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Garces, Liliana M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2013
This study examines the effects of affirmative action bans in four states (California, Florida, Texas, and Washington) on the enrollment of underrepresented students of color within six different graduate fields of study: the natural sciences, engineering, social sciences, business, education, and humanities. Findings show that affirmative action…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Humanities
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Holme, Jennifer Jellison; Rangel, Virginia Snodgrass – American Educational Research Journal, 2012
For decades, policymakers and researchers have struggled to understand the reasons that schools in disadvantaged contexts have relatively more trouble responding successfully to reform demands. This analysis extends theory regarding the challenges of school change in disadvantaged contexts by illustrating how the internal resources that schools…
Descriptors: School Restructuring, Human Geography, Disadvantaged Schools, Poverty
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Vaughn, Sharon; Klingner, Janette K.; Swanson, Elizabeth A.; Boardman, Alison G.; Roberts, Greg; Mohammed, Sarojani S.; Stillman-Spisak, Stephanie J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
The authors conducted an experimental study to examine the effects of collaborative strategic reading and metacognitive strategic learning on the reading comprehension of students in seventh- and eighth-grade English/language arts classes in two sites (Texas, Colorado) and in three school districts. Students were randomly assigned to classes and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Language Arts, Reading Teachers
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Roschelle, Jeremy; Shechtman, Nicole; Tatar, Deborah; Hegedus, Stephen; Hopkins, Bill; Empson, Susan; Knudsen, Jennifer; Gallagher, Lawrence P. – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
The authors present three studies (two randomized controlled experiments and one embedded quasi-experiment) designed to evaluate the impact of replacement units targeting student learning of advanced middle school mathematics. The studies evaluated the SimCalc approach, which integrates an interactive representational technology, paper curriculum,…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Teacher Characteristics, Effect Size, Professional Development
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Craig, Cheryl J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
In this article, examples excerpted from research studies conducted in Houston, Texas, the fourth largest city in the United States, are used to demonstrate how the discretionary classroom space where teachers and students actively live curriculum--guided, though, not controlled, by official documents and administrative oversight--has become…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Policy, Classroom Environment, Curriculum
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