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Cordes, Sarah A.; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Residential mobility is likely to have consequences for student performance, but prior empirical work is largely correlational and offers little insight into its impacts. Using rich, longitudinal data, we estimate the effects of residential mobility on the performance of New York City public school students. Using both student fixed effects and…
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Performance Factors
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Mangual Figueroa, Ariana – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article provides ethnographic evidence of the ways in which undocumented students make decisions about when to share or withhold their migratory status during conversations with peers and teachers in one elementary school. It argues that an analytic focus on how and when elementary-aged students talk about migratory status during everyday…
Descriptors: Undocumented Immigrants, Citizenship, Ethnography, Elementary School Students
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Bridwell-Mitchell, E. N. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
School partnerships are important sources of school social capital. Schools may have unequal access to social capital due to the pattern of relationships in the school-partner network. Using data on school resource needs, sociometric measures, and a set of multilevel logit models, the results of a study of 211 New York City public high schools and…
Descriptors: Partnerships in Education, High Schools, Social Capital, Public Schools
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D'Amico, Diana – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
In 1968, New York City's unionized teachers participated in three separate strikes that spanned two school years. Teachers clashed with Black parents and activists who called for community control as both groups sought authority and recognition in the schools. Racialized assumptions in place before and extending beyond the labor skirmish infused…
Descriptors: Teacher Rights, Student Rights, Urban Schools, Public Schools
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Wallace, Tanner LeBaron; Kelcey, Benjamin; Ruzek, Erik – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
We conducted a theory-based analysis of the underlying structure of the Tripod student perception survey instrument using the Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) database (N = 1,049 middle school math class sections; N = 25,423 students). Multilevel item factor analyses suggested that an alternative bifactor structure best fit the Tripod items,…
Descriptors: Student Surveys, Attitude Measures, Teacher Effectiveness, Theories
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Malsbary, Christine Brigid – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
The article presents findings from a multisited ethnography in two public high schools in Los Angeles and New York City. Schools were chosen for their hyper-diverse student populations. Students came from over 40 countries, speaking 20 languages in one school and 33 languages in another. Results of analysis found that despite contrasting missions,…
Descriptors: High Schools, Public Schools, Ethnography, Student Diversity
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Kraft, Matthew A.; Marinell, William H.; Shen-Wei Yee, Darrick – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
We study the relationship between school organizational contexts, teacher turnover, and student achievement in New York City (NYC) middle schools. Using factor analysis, we construct measures of four distinct dimensions of school climate captured on the annual NYC School Survey. We identify credible estimates by isolating variation in…
Descriptors: School Organization, Faculty Mobility, Academic Achievement, Middle Schools
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Rothbart, Michah W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Recent research finds that grade span affects academic achievement but only speculates about the mechanisms. In this study, we examine one commonly cited mechanism, the top dog/bottom dog phenomenon, which states that students at the top of a grade span ("top dogs") have better experiences than those at the bottom ("bottom…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Bullying, Public Schools, Safety
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Darling-Hammond, Linda; Ancess, Jacqueline; Ort, Susanna Wichterle – American Educational Research Journal, 2002
Documented the birth process for new small schools that developed in a 7-year study of the Coalition Campus Schools Project in New York City. The study of new schools, part of a network of reform-oriented schools in the context of systemwide reform, finds that the five new schools created to replace a failing high school perform better in many…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Change, High Schools, Performance Factors