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Stewart, Dafina-Lazarus – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
In this study, I investigated how student publications portrayed whiteness as the dominant feature of the campus environment between 1945 and 1965 among the member institutions of a consortium of elite U.S. Midwestern liberal arts colleges located in rural and industrial towns across Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and western Pennsylvania. These…
Descriptors: Student Publications, College Students, Whites, Memory
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Drake, Steven; Auletto, Amy; Cowen, Joshua M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
In July 2011, the State of Michigan adopted a broad set of teacher labor market reforms, including a high-stakes evaluation system designed in part to remove low-performing teachers. We examine the characteristics of teachers rated as "minimally effective" and "ineffective," as well as their schools, and the relationship…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Racial Differences, Gender Differences, Teacher Characteristics
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Calabrese Barton, Angela; Tan, Edna – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The maker movement has evoked interest for its role in breaking down barriers to STEM learning. However, few empirical studies document how youth are supported over time in STEM-rich making projects or their outcomes. This longitudinal critical ethnographic study traces the development of 41 youth maker projects in two community-centered making…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Longitudinal Studies, Ethnography, Entrepreneurship
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Garces, Liliana M.; Cogburn, Courtney D. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
Guided by a bottom-up policy implementation framework, this study draws from semi-structured interviews of 14 campus-level administrators charged with implementing diversity policy at the University of Michigan to investigate how an affirmative action ban (Proposal 2) influenced their efforts in support of racial/ethnic diversity at the…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Administrators, College Admission, Affirmative Action
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Denson, Nida; Chang, Mitchell J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
This study addressed two questions: (a) Do different forms of campus racial diversity contribute uniquely to students' learning and educational experiences when they are simultaneously tested utilizing multilevel modeling? (b) Does a campus where students take greater advantage of those diversity opportunities have independent positive effects on…
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Racial Relations, Educational Experience, Racial Differences
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Neuman, Susan B.; Cunningham, Linda – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
This study examines the impact of professional development on teacher knowledge and quality early language and literacy practices in center- and home-based care settings. Participants from 291 sites (177 centers; 114 home-based) in four cities were randomly selected to: Group 1, 3-credit course in early language and literacy; Group 2, course plus…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Professional Development, Child Care, Language Acquisition
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Nidiffer, Jana; Bouman, Jeffrey P. – American Educational Research Journal, 2004
During the late 19th century, universities subtly shifted their efforts from admitting poor students to conducting research on poverty. This transition occurred within a complex historical, sociological, and economic milieu of three national forces: universities' quest for prestige; the relationship of expertise and professionalism to the…
Descriptors: Poverty, Educational History, Educational Change, Economically Disadvantaged
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Thomas, William B.; Moran, Kevin J. – American Educational Research Journal, 1992
To test R. E. Callahan's (1962) theory about superintendents' vulnerability to interest groups, the career of E. C. Hartwell is examined. Hartwell's career in three cities (1914-22) demonstrates the power that a superintendent could acquire and wield. (SLD)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Career Ladders, Educational Change, Educational History
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Sipple, John W. – American Educational Research Journal, 1999
Examined the actions of business leaders representing multinational corporations, the "MI-Roundtable," through observation and interviews as they tried to affect education policy in Michigan. That this group took a thoughtful approach and had a significant impact on education reform is no indication that other business groups will do the…
Descriptors: Business, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Raudenbush, Stephen W.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1993
Explanations for varying emphasis on teaching for higher order thinking in U.S. secondary classrooms and teacher goals are considered. Responses of 303 secondary school teachers (teaching 1,205 classes) to a questionnaire about higher order skills and instructional goals indicate that higher order skills are more emphasized in high-ability…
Descriptors: Ability, Academically Gifted, Classroom Environment, Educational Objectives