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Preckel, Franzis; Baudson, Tanja Gabriele; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine; Glock, Sabine – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The disharmony hypothesis (DH) states that high intelligence comes at a cost to the gifted, resulting in adjustment problems. We investigated whether there is a gifted stereotype that falls in line with the DH and affects attitudes toward gifted students. Preservice teachers (N = 182) worked on single-target association tests and affective priming…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academically Gifted, Gender Differences, Student Attitudes
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Eysink, Tessa H. S.; de Jong, Ton; Berthold, Kirsten; Kolloffel, Bas; Opfermann, Maria; Wouters, Pieter – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
In this study, the authors compared four multimedia learning arrangements differing in instructional approach on effectiveness and efficiency for learning: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. The approaches all advocate learners' active attitude toward the learning…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Observational Learning, Learning Processes, Teaching Methods
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Baumert, Jurgen; Koller, Olaf – American Educational Research Journal, 2007
According to the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE), attending academically selective high schools negatively affects academic self-concept. Does the BFLPE persist after graduation from high school? In two large, representative samples of German high school students (Study 1: 2,306 students, 147 schools; Study 2: 1,758 students, 94 schools), the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Self Concept, Self Concept Measures