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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Bertram, Christiane; Wagner, Wolfgang; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study examined the effectiveness of the oral history approach with respect to students' historical competence. A total of 35 ninth-grade classes (N = 900) in Germany were randomly assigned to one of four conditions--live, video, text, or a (nontreated) control group--in a pretest, posttest, and follow-up design. Comparing the three…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Oral History, Interviews, Intervention
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Arens, A. Katrin; Morin, Alexandre J. S. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This study illustrates an integrative psychometric framework to investigate two sources of construct-relevant multidimensionality in answers to the Self-Perception Profile for Children (SPPC). Using a sample of 2,353 German students attending Grades 3 to 6, we contrasted: (a) first-order versus hierarchical and bifactor models to investigate…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Structural Equation Models, Factor Analysis, Error of Measurement
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Brisson, Brigitte Maria; Dicke, Anna-Lena; Gaspard, Hanna; Häfner, Isabelle; Flunger, Barbara; Nagengast, Benjamin; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study investigated the effectiveness of two short relevance interventions (writing a text or evaluating quotations about the utility of mathematics) using a sample of 1,916 students in 82 math classrooms in a cluster randomized controlled experiment. Short-term and sustained effects (6 weeks and 5 months after the intervention) of the…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Intervention, Mathematics Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Tröbst, Steffen; Kleickmann, Thilo; Lange-Schubert, Kim; Rothkopf, Anne; Möller, Kornelia – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Students' interest in science declines substantially in the transition from elementary to secondary education. Using students' ratings of their instruction on the topic of evaporation and condensation, we examined if changes in instructional practices accounted for differences in situational interest in science instruction and enduring individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Grade 6, Science Interests
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Decristan, Jasmin; Klieme, Eckhard; Kunter, Mareike; Hochweber, Jan; Büttner, Gerhard; Fauth, Benjamin; Hondrich, A. Lena; Rieser, Svenja; Hertel, Silke; Hardy, Ilonca – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
In this study we examine the interplay between curriculum-embedded formative assessment--a well-known teaching practice--and general features of classroom process quality (i.e., cognitive activation, supportive climate, classroom management) and their combined effect on elementary school students' understanding of the scientific concepts of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Formative Evaluation, Educational Quality, Classroom Techniques
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Preckel, Franzis; Baudson, Tanja Gabriele; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine; Glock, Sabine – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The disharmony hypothesis (DH) states that high intelligence comes at a cost to the gifted, resulting in adjustment problems. We investigated whether there is a gifted stereotype that falls in line with the DH and affects attitudes toward gifted students. Preservice teachers (N = 182) worked on single-target association tests and affective priming…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academically Gifted, Gender Differences, Student Attitudes
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Becker, Birgit; Klein, Oliver; Biedinger, Nicole – American Educational Research Journal, 2013
This article analyzes the longitudinal development of differences in academic skills between children of Turkish origin and children of native-born German parents from age 3 to 6 in Germany with a focus on the role of immigrant parents' acculturation to the receiving society. Growth curve models show that Turkish-origin children start with lower…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Immigrants, Foreign Countries, Early Intervention
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Baumert, Jurgen; Kunter, Mareike; Blum, Werner; Brunner, Martin; Voss, Thamar; Jordan, Alexander; Klusmann, Uta; Krauss, Stefan; Neubrand, Michael; Tsai, Yi-Miau – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
In both the United States and Europe, concerns have been raised about whether preservice and in-service training succeeds in equipping teachers with the professional knowledge they need to deliver consistently high-quality instruction. This article investigates the significance of teachers' content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge for…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Structural Equation Models, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Teachers
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Eysink, Tessa H. S.; de Jong, Ton; Berthold, Kirsten; Kolloffel, Bas; Opfermann, Maria; Wouters, Pieter – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
In this study, the authors compared four multimedia learning arrangements differing in instructional approach on effectiveness and efficiency for learning: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. The approaches all advocate learners' active attitude toward the learning…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Observational Learning, Learning Processes, Teaching Methods
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Baumert, Jurgen; Koller, Olaf – American Educational Research Journal, 2007
According to the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE), attending academically selective high schools negatively affects academic self-concept. Does the BFLPE persist after graduation from high school? In two large, representative samples of German high school students (Study 1: 2,306 students, 147 schools; Study 2: 1,758 students, 94 schools), the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Self Concept, Self Concept Measures
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LeTendre, Gerald K.; Hofer, Barbara K.; Shimizu, Hidetada – American Educational Research Journal, 2003
Used data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) to study tracking as curricular differentiation and student placement in elementary and secondary school in the United States, Germany, and Japan. Findings show clear national differences and conflicts based on dominant cultural beliefs. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Differences, Curriculum, Foreign Countries
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Koller, Olaf; Baumert, Jurgen – American Educational Research Journal, 2001
Used longitudinal data from large cohorts of East and West German students, 2,778 seventh graders in 161 classrooms, to evaluate how the reunification of Germany affects self-concept formation. Results show how system-wide educational policy differences, the initiation of a selective school system and the institutionalization of different…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Junior High School Students