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Marsh, Herbert W.; Van Zanden, Brooke; Parker, Philip D.; Guo, Jiesi; Conigrave, James; Seaton, Marjorie – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
We evaluated STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) coursework selection by women and men (representative longitudinal sample, 10,370 Australians) in senior high school and university, controlling achievement and expectancy-value variables. A near-zero total effect of gender on high school STEM enrollment reflected pathways…
Descriptors: Females, STEM Education, Course Selection (Students), High School Students
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Luke, Allan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Adam Wright, Michael A. Gottfried, and Vi-Nhuan Le demonstrate empirically that minority teachers have a positive impact on the "social-emotional development" of American minority kindergarten children. Their analyses of 2010-2011 data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study focus on measurable effects in four social and affective…
Descriptors: Minority Group Teachers, Social Development, Emotional Development, Minority Group Students
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Parker, Philip D.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Möller, Jens; Abu-Hilal, Maher M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and dimensional comparison theory posit paradoxical relations between achievement (ACH) and self-concept (SC) in mathematics (M) and verbal (V) domains; ACH in each domain positively affects SC in the matching domain (e.g., MACH to MSC) but negatively in the nonmatching domain (e.g., MACH to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Cultural Differences, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis
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Bokosmaty, Sahar; Sweller, John; Kalyuga, Slava – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
Research has demonstrated that instruction that relies heavily on studying worked examples is more effective for less experienced learners compared to instruction emphasizing problem solving. However, the guidance associated with studying some worked examples may reduce the performance of more experienced learners. This study investigated…
Descriptors: Geometry, Problem Solving, Expertise, Teaching Methods
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Martin, Andrew J.; Papworth, Brad; Ginns, Paul; Liem, Gregory Arief D. – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
Boarding school has been a feature of education systems for centuries. Minimal large-scale quantitative data have been collected to examine its association with important educational and other outcomes. The present study represents one of the largest studies into boarding school conducted to date. It investigates boarding school and students'…
Descriptors: Boarding Schools, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Well Being
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Younger, Michael Robert; Warrington, Molly – American Educational Research Journal, 2006
The gender agenda in many North American, Western European, and Australasian countries has undergone a "boy turn" in the past decade amid growing concerns about boys' apparent "underachievement" relative to girls. One aspect of this turn has been the resurrection of interest in single-sex classes in coeducational public state…
Descriptors: Gender Issues, Public Schools, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries
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Tatsuoka, Kikumi K.; Corter, James E.; Tatsuoka, Curtis – American Educational Research Journal, 2004
This study used a diagnostic testing approach to compare the mathematics achievement of eighth-grade students across a sample of 20 countries, analyzing data from the Third International Math and Science Study-Revised (TIMSS-R, 1999). Using the rule-space method, student mastery was measured on 23 specific content knowledge and processing…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade 8, Problem Solving, Thinking Skills
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Frydenberg, Erica; Lewis, Ramon – American Educational Research Journal, 2000
Studied patterns of coping behavior and changes in coping for 169 Australian adolescents at grade levels 7, 9, and 11 using the Adolescent Coping Scale (E. Frydenberg and R. Lewis, 1993). Findings highlight differences in development of coping patterns between boys and girls. Discusses implications for the teaching of coping skills. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Coping, Females
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Marsh, Herbert W.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1985
The Self Description Questionnaire II (SDQII) results from 901 Australian secondary school students were factor analyzed and the factors correlated to identify the relationship of self-concept factors to age, sex, and academic achievement. Findings supported the multidimensionality of self-concept and support the construct validity of the SDQII.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure
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Purdie, Nola; Hattie, John – American Educational Research Journal, 1996
Strategies used by upper secondary school students to regulate their own learning processes were studied for 248 Australian students, 215 Japanese students in Japan, and 30 Japanese students in Australia. The pattern of strategy used varied for each cultural group, with Japanese students using memory strategies significantly more often. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Learning Strategies
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Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Marsh, Herbert W. – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Structural equation models were used to examine the paths from school grades and self-concept to subsequent course selection for 246 male 8th- and 10th-grade Catholic school students in Australia. Specific components of self-concept were more strongly related to course selection than were grades, a finding with implications for the study of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Catholic Schools, Course Selection (Students), Foreign Countries
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Marsh, Herbert W.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1995
In 2 studies, 53 elementary school students in Australia participating in gifted and talented programs experienced systematic declines in 3 components of academic self-concept but not in 4 components of nonacademic self-concept. Results are discussed in terms of the "big-fish-little-pond" effect proposed by H. Marsh. (SLD)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Gifted
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Bornholt, Laurel J.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1994
This study of the achievement perceptions of 663 Australian high school students argues for more than 1 type of gender stereotype, varying with frame of reference and the multidimensionality of self-concepts, rather than the simple presence of stereotypes in student attitudes. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Foreign Countries, High School Students
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Carpenter, Peter G; Fleishman, John A. – American Educational Research Journal, 1987
Examines factors that influence Australian high school seniors' plans to attend college and their actual entry into college. Uses the Fishbein-Ajzen model of attitude-behavior relations to link intentions to continue school with the realization of those intentions. (RB)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, College Attendance, College Planning, High School Seniors
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Tobin, Kenneth – American Educational Research Journal, 1986
Sixth- and seventh-grade teachers were trained to maintain an average teacher wait time of three to five seconds during mathematics and language arts lessons. Longer waits were associated with higher achievement, improved teacher and student discourse, and greater time spent in cognitive processing. (GDC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Objectives, Discourse Analysis, Discussion (Teaching Technique)
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