ERIC Number: EJ1033162
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Does School Policy Affect Housing Choices? Evidence from the End of Desegregation in Charlotte-Mecklenburg
Liebowitz, David D.; Page, Lindsay C.
American Educational Research Journal, v51 n4 p671-703 Aug 2014
We examine whether the legal decision to grant unitary status to the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school district, which led to the end of race-conscious student assignment policies, increased the probability that families with children enrolled in the district would move to neighborhoods with a greater proportion of student residents of the same race as their own children. Motivated by the rich but inconclusive literature on the consequences of educational and residential segregation, we make use of a natural policy experiment--a judicial decision to end court-ordered busing--to estimate the causal impacts of this policy shift on household residential decisions. We find that, for those who moved, the legal decision made White families with children in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools substantially more likely than they were during desegregation to move to a neighborhood with a greater proportion of White residents than their own neighborhood.
Descriptors: School Desegregation, Desegregation Effects, Educational Policy, Housing, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Racial Segregation, Residential Patterns, Neighborhood Integration, Court Litigation, Busing, Educational History, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Models, Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, High School Students, Parents
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Elementary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; No Child Left Behind Act 2001