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Strunk, Katharine O.; McEachin, Andrew – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
The authors examine how the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) negotiated between teachers' unions and districts is associated with schools' and districts' performance under accountability pressures in California. They find that CBA restrictiveness is associated with the increased likelihood that districts will be in Program Improvement (PI)…
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Teaching (Occupation), Unions, School Districts
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Brown, Abigail B.; Clift, Jack W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
The authors report insights, based on annual site visits to elementary and middle schools in three states from 2004 to 2006, into the incentive effect of the No Child Left Behind Act's requirement that increasing percentages of students make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in every public school. They develop a framework, drawing on the physics…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Middle Schools, Federal Legislation, Educational Improvement