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Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Nisar, Hiren – American Educational Research Journal, 2013
School districts required under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to provide supplemental educational services (SES) to students in schools that are not making adequate yearly progress rely heavily on the private sector to offer choice in services. If the market does not drive out ineffective providers, students may not gain through SES participation.…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Educational Indicators, Federal Programs
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Strunk, Katharine O.; McEachin, Andrew – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
The authors examine how the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) negotiated between teachers' unions and districts is associated with schools' and districts' performance under accountability pressures in California. They find that CBA restrictiveness is associated with the increased likelihood that districts will be in Program Improvement (PI)…
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Teaching (Occupation), Unions, School Districts