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Brown, Christopher P.; Englehardt, Joanna; Barry, David P.; Ku, Da Hei – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Kindergarten in the United States has fundamentally changed. It is the new first grade where children are taught increased academic content and experience more standardized testing. There is much debate among education stakeholders about these changes, but such discussions are often siloed-- making it difficult to know whether these changes…
Descriptors: Stakeholders, Educational Change, Kindergarten, Standardized Tests
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Wright, Adam; Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Our nation's classrooms have become increasingly racially and ethnically diverse. Given these demographic changes, many policymakers and practitioners have expressed the need for increased attention to how teacher diversity might be linked to reducing racial/ethnic differences in teachers' ratings of social-emotional skills for students of color.…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Kindergarten, Teacher Characteristics
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Luke, Allan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Adam Wright, Michael A. Gottfried, and Vi-Nhuan Le demonstrate empirically that minority teachers have a positive impact on the "social-emotional development" of American minority kindergarten children. Their analyses of 2010-2011 data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study focus on measurable effects in four social and affective…
Descriptors: Minority Group Teachers, Social Development, Emotional Development, Minority Group Students
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Despite the vast body of research examining the relationship between full-day kindergarten attendance and children's outcomes, little is known about the effects of full-day kindergarten on children with disabilities (i.e., students with 1 of the 13 categories of disabilities recognized under federal law). This study fills this research void by…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Schedules, Disabilities, Academic Achievement
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Claessens, Amy; Engel, Mimi; Curran, F. Chris – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
Little research has examined the relationship between academic content coverage in kindergarten and student achievement. Using nationally representative data, we examine the association between reading and mathematics content coverage in kindergarten and student learning, both overall and for students who attended preschool, Head Start, or…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Kindergarten, Nursery Schools, Reading Instruction
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Niehaus, Kate; Adelson, Jill L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
This study examined the relationships among school support, parental school involvement, and academic and social-emotional outcomes for children who are English language learners (ELLs). The sample included 1,020 third-grade ELLs who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K). Results from structural equation modeling showed…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, English Language Learners, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Slama, Rachel B. – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
Using eight waves of longitudinal data on a statewide kindergarten cohort of English learners (ELs), I examined ELs' tenure in language-learning programs and their academic performance following reclassification as fluent English proficient. I employed discrete-time survival analysis to estimate the average time to and grade of reclassification…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Cohort Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, English (Second Language)
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Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie; Wolfe, Christopher B.; Spitler, Mary Elaine – American Educational Research Journal, 2013
Using a cluster randomized trial design, we evaluated the persistence of effects of a research-based model for scaling up educational interventions. The model was implemented in 42 schools in two city districts serving low-resource communities, randomly assigned to three conditions. In pre-kindergarten, the two experimental interventions were…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Early Childhood Education, Experimental Groups
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Hatt, Beth – American Educational Research Journal, 2012
This study explores smartness as a cultural construct rather than a biological capacity. The cultural construction of smartness has broad consequences related to teacher expectations, student academic identity development, and schooling inequities. This study is based on a 1-year ethnography in a kindergarten classroom, and the author investigates…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Teaching Methods, Ethnography, Cultural Influences
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Benner, Aprile D.; Crosnoe, Robert – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
This study attempted to untangle how two dimensions of school racial/ethnic composition--racial/ethnic diversity of the student body and racial/ethnic matching between children and their peers--were related to socioemotional and academic development after the transition into elementary school. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Racial Factors, Academic Achievement, Young Children
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Ready, Douglas D.; Wright, David L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Teachers' subjective understandings of their students' cognitive abilities have important implications for classroom interactions, children's access to resources and opportunities, and educational equity more broadly. Using nationally representative data and three-level hierarchical linear models, this study explored the links between teacher…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Cognitive Ability
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Russell, Jennifer Lin – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
The impermeability of schooling to reform is a frequent conclusion of studies of educational organizations, but historical accounts suggest that kindergartens have undergone significant transformation. Once a transitional year emphasizing child development, kindergarten now marks the beginning of formal academic instruction. Guided by…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Professional Associations, Kindergarten, Child Development
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Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Chung, Vicki – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Results from experimental and nonexperimental studies have shown that teachers differ in their effectiveness. In addition, evidence from nonexperimental studies has indicated that teacher effects last for 3 years in elementary grades. This study uses data from Project STAR and its follow-up study, the Lasting Benefits Study, to examine whether…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Science Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Kieffer, Michael J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Using longitudinal data on a nationally representative U.S. cohort, this study examined the roles of language minority (LM) status and English proficiency in English reading growth across the elementary and middle school years. Piecewise growth modeling was used to compare English reading growth trajectories for native English speakers and LM…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Minorities, Native Speakers, Limited English Speaking
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Robinson, Joseph Paul; Lubienski, Sarah Theule – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Using K-8 national longitudinal data, the authors investigate males' and females' achievement in math and reading, including when gender gaps first appear, whether the appearance of gaps depends on the metric used, and where on the achievement distribution gaps are most prevalent. Additionally, teachers' assessments of males and females are…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Females, Mathematics Achievement, Males
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