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No Child Left Behind Act 20011
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Vanlommel, Kristin; Schildkamp, Kim – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study examines the way teachers make sense of data in the context of high-stakes decision making, such as decisions related to student placement in educational tracks. Different types of data, data collected rationally and intuitively, may be used in this sensemaking process, and the same data may be interpreted in different ways by different…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Decision Making, Data Use, Intuition
McKeown, Margaret G.; Crosson, Amy C.; Moore, Debra W.; Beck, Isabel L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This article presents findings from an intervention across sixth and seventh grades to teach academic words to middle school students. The goals included investigating a progression of outcomes from word knowledge to comprehension and investigating the processes students use in establishing word meaning. Participants in Year 1 were two sixth-grade…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Middle School Students
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Li, Yuk Yung – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Despite decades of research, little is known about the dynamics of sustaining change in school reform and how the process of change unfolds. By tracing the nine-year reform journeys of four primary schools in Hong Kong (using multiyear interview, observational, and archival data), this study uncovers the micro-processes the schools experienced…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Pilot Projects, Elementary Schools
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Tröbst, Steffen; Kleickmann, Thilo; Lange-Schubert, Kim; Rothkopf, Anne; Möller, Kornelia – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Students' interest in science declines substantially in the transition from elementary to secondary education. Using students' ratings of their instruction on the topic of evaporation and condensation, we examined if changes in instructional practices accounted for differences in situational interest in science instruction and enduring individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Grade 6, Science Interests
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Stevens, Robert J.; Lu, Xiaofei; Baker, David P.; Ray, Melissa N.; Eckert, Sarah A.; Gamson, David A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
This research investigated the cognitive demands of reading curricula from 1910 to 2000. We considered both the nature of the text used and the comprehension tasks asked of students in determining the cognitive demands of the curricula. Contrary to the common assumption of a trend of simplification of the texts and comprehension tasks in third-…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Reading Instruction, Curriculum
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Walsh, Mary E.; Madaus, George F.; Raczek, Anastasia E.; Dearing, Eric; Foley, Claire; An, Chen; Lee-St. John, Terrence J.; Beaton, Albert – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
Efforts to support children in schools require addressing not only academic issues, but also out-of-school factors that can affect students' ability to succeed. This study examined academic achievement of students participating in City Connects, a student support intervention operating in high-poverty elementary schools. The sample included 7,948…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Poverty, Elementary Schools, Program Effectiveness
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Lesaux, Nonie K.; Kieffer, Michael J.; Kelley, Joan G.; Harris, Julie Russ – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
We conducted a randomized field trial to test an academic vocabulary intervention designed to bolster the language and literacy skills of linguistically diverse sixth-grade students (N = 2,082; n = 1,469 from a home where English is not the primary language), many demonstrating low achievement, enrolled in 14 urban middle schools. The 20-week…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Vocabulary Development
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Barton, Angela Calabrese; Kang, Hosun; Tan, Edna; O'Neill, Tara B.; Bautista-Guerra, Juanita; Brecklin, Caitlin – American Educational Research Journal, 2013
The underrepresentation of girls from nondominant backgrounds in the sciences and engineering continues despite recent gains in achievement. This longitudinal ethnographic study traces the identity work that girls from nondominant backgrounds do as they engage in science-related activities across school, club, and home during the middle school…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Females, Ethnography, Disproportionate Representation
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Kersting, Nicole B.; Givvin, Karen B.; Thompson, Belinda J.; Santagata, Rossella; Stigler, James W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2012
This study explores the relationships between teacher knowledge, teaching practice, and student learning in mathematics. It extends previous work that developed and evaluated an innovative approach to assessing teacher knowledge based on teachers' analyses of classroom video clips. Teachers watched and commented on 13 fraction clips. These written…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Characteristics, Elementary School Teachers
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Shechtman, Zipora; Abu Yaman, Mary – American Educational Research Journal, 2012
The study assesses the effect of social and emotional learning (SEL) integrated in a literature class, named here "affective teaching," as compared to conventional teaching. Dependent variables include relationships, behavior, motivation to learn, and content knowledge. Participants were 36 teacher trainees in one college in Israel and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Emotional Development, Social Development, Educational Environment
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Moller, Jens; Retelsdorf, Jan; Koller, Olaf; Marsh, Herb W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
The reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/EM) combines the internal/external frame of reference model and the reciprocal effects model. The RI/EM predicts positive effects of mathematics and verbal achievement and academic self-concepts (ASC) on subsequent mathematics and verbal achievements and ASCs within domains and negative…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Models
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Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Chung, Vicki – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Results from experimental and nonexperimental studies have shown that teachers differ in their effectiveness. In addition, evidence from nonexperimental studies has indicated that teacher effects last for 3 years in elementary grades. This study uses data from Project STAR and its follow-up study, the Lasting Benefits Study, to examine whether…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Science Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Kieffer, Michael J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Using longitudinal data on a nationally representative U.S. cohort, this study examined the roles of language minority (LM) status and English proficiency in English reading growth across the elementary and middle school years. Piecewise growth modeling was used to compare English reading growth trajectories for native English speakers and LM…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Minorities, Native Speakers, Limited English Speaking
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Cook, Thomas D.; Hirschfield, Paul J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2008
In 2000, Cook, Murphy, and Hunt published a multilevel study of Chicago inner-city schools in order to evaluate James Comer's School Development Program (SDP). One main finding was that SDP reduced the rate of change and final posttest mean when delinquency was assessed annually between Grades 5 and 8 using a self-report measure of acting out. The…
Descriptors: Delinquency, Juvenile Justice, Grade 5, Social Justice
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Veenman, Simon; Denessen, Eddie; van den Akker, Anneriet; van der Rijt, Janine – American Educational Research Journal, 2005
In this study, the effects of a teacher-training program on the elaborations and affective-motivational resources (i.e., intentions and attitudes toward help seeking, help giving, and achievement goals) of students working on a cooperative task were examined. Participants were teachers from seven primary schools and 24 dyads of sixth-grade…
Descriptors: Helping Relationship, Help Seeking, Academic Achievement, Cooperative Learning