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Rosen, Sonia M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Neoliberal market logic positions youth as either commodities produced and marketed by private institutions or consumers for whose business those institutions are competing, a paradigm that narrows pathways for youth participation in civic and political institutions by restricting youth agency to participation in markets. However, youth organizing…
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Neoliberalism, Social Action, Organizations (Groups)
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Hodge, Emily M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This article investigates the interaction between the Common Core State Standards and curricular tracking by examining instructional decision making across tracks in a large metropolitan district. This study draws on institutional logics as a framework to analyze 106 instructional decisions from 24 participants involved in middle school literacy…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Decision Making, Middle School Students, Literacy Education
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Kibler, Amanda K.; Molloy Elreda, Lauren; Hemmler, Vonna L.; Arbeit, Miriam R.; Beeson, Rebecca; Johnson, Haley E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Adolescents' peer networks tend to segregate by relative language proficiency, but students from all linguistic backgrounds benefit academically from classroom peer relationships both within and across English learner (EL) and non-EL classified groups. We drew upon social network analysis of student survey data in 46 English and math middle school…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Peer Relationship, English Language Learners, English Instruction
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Stein, Marc L.; Grigg, Jeffrey A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Transportation is one of many potential obstacles that students might face as they attempt to attend school, but there are few opportunities to identify the unique contribution of transportation to school attendance. We apply models of commuting stress developed for adult commuters to students in an open enrollment school district to examine…
Descriptors: Transportation, Attendance, Barriers, Middle School Students
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Caraballo, Limarys – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Discourses of achievement often overlook the interdependence of classroom contexts, students' identities, and academic performance. This narrative analysis explores how high-achieving students of color construct identities-in-practice in a diverse urban middle school. By documenting explicit moments in which students construct…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, High Achievement
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Leath, Seanna; Mathews, Channing; Harrison, Asya; Chavous, Tabbye – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study examined the associations among racial identity beliefs (centrality and public regard), racial discrimination, and academic engagement outcomes among 1,659 African American adolescents across two demographically distinct school districts, one predominantly Black, working class (n = 1,100) and one predominantly White, middle class (n =…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Racial Discrimination, School Districts, Gender Differences
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Cordes, Sarah A.; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Residential mobility is likely to have consequences for student performance, but prior empirical work is largely correlational and offers little insight into its impacts. Using rich, longitudinal data, we estimate the effects of residential mobility on the performance of New York City public school students. Using both student fixed effects and…
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Performance Factors
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Reardon, Sean F.; Fahle, Erin M.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Podolsky, Anne; Zárate, Rosalía C. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
We estimate male-female test score gaps in math and English language arts (ELA) for nearly 10,000 U.S. school districts using state accountability data from third- through eighth-grade students in the 2008-2009 through 2015-2016 school years. We find that the average U.S. school district has no gender achievement gap in math, but there is a gap of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, English, Language Arts
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Calabrese Barton, Angela; Tan, Edna – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The maker movement has evoked interest for its role in breaking down barriers to STEM learning. However, few empirical studies document how youth are supported over time in STEM-rich making projects or their outcomes. This longitudinal critical ethnographic study traces the development of 41 youth maker projects in two community-centered making…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Longitudinal Studies, Ethnography, Entrepreneurship
Estrada, Peggy; Wang, Haiwen – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Employing longitudinal, multisite comparative mixed-methods, we describe patterns of reclassifying and not reclassifying eligible English learner (EL) students to fluent English proficient, and we identify factors impeding and facilitating reclassification. Analyses of administrative data for 7 cohorts of students over 3 years in one district and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Classification, Criteria, Longitudinal Studies
McKeown, Margaret G.; Crosson, Amy C.; Moore, Debra W.; Beck, Isabel L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This article presents findings from an intervention across sixth and seventh grades to teach academic words to middle school students. The goals included investigating a progression of outcomes from word knowledge to comprehension and investigating the processes students use in establishing word meaning. Participants in Year 1 were two sixth-grade…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Middle School Students
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Thomas, Almut E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Implicit stereotypes associating science with male might play a role in the development of gender differences in students' motivations for physical science. Particularly, the stereotypes of influential adults may induce students' regulatory foci and subsequently their motivational beliefs. Drawing on expectancy-value theory, this study…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Student Motivation, Science Interests, Physical Sciences
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Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Ledward, Brandon; Malone, Nolan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The framework of cultural advantage calls researchers and leaders to reexamine the structures, paradigms, and practices of effective education. We argue that the moral imperative in this challenge is to critically scrutinize and counter the way education systems perpetuate systematic inequities in opportunities and outcomes afforded to certain…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Outcomes of Education, Poverty, Racial Bias
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Shifrer, Dara; Turley, Ruth López; Heard, Holly – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Teacher performance pay programs are theorized to improve student achievement by incentivizing teachers, but opponents counter that teachers are not motivated by money. We used regression discontinuity techniques and data on a census of the students, teachers, and schools in a large urban minority-majority school district to show receipt of a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Regression (Statistics), Disadvantaged, Incentives
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Saporito, Salvatore – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This study investigates how much the geographic shapes of school attendance zones contributes to their levels of income segregation while holding constant levels of income segregation across residential areas. Income segregation across attendance zones is measured with the rank ordered information theory index. Income segregation across…
Descriptors: Attendance, Indexes, Income, Neighborhoods
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