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Le, Vi-Nhuan; Schaack, Diana; Neishi, Kristen; Hernandez, Marc W.; Blank, Rolf – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Policymakers have advocated academic skills building at kindergarten as a way of improving student achievement. However, early childhood educators have concerns with this policy as gains in achievement may come at the expense of children's social-emotional skills. Using a nationally representative data set of kindergartners, we find that advanced…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Academic Achievement, Early Childhood Teachers, Achievement Gains
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Wright, Adam; Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Our nation's classrooms have become increasingly racially and ethnically diverse. Given these demographic changes, many policymakers and practitioners have expressed the need for increased attention to how teacher diversity might be linked to reducing racial/ethnic differences in teachers' ratings of social-emotional skills for students of color.…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Kindergarten, Teacher Characteristics
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Luke, Allan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Adam Wright, Michael A. Gottfried, and Vi-Nhuan Le demonstrate empirically that minority teachers have a positive impact on the "social-emotional development" of American minority kindergarten children. Their analyses of 2010-2011 data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study focus on measurable effects in four social and affective…
Descriptors: Minority Group Teachers, Social Development, Emotional Development, Minority Group Students
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Despite the vast body of research examining the relationship between full-day kindergarten attendance and children's outcomes, little is known about the effects of full-day kindergarten on children with disabilities (i.e., students with 1 of the 13 categories of disabilities recognized under federal law). This study fills this research void by…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Schedules, Disabilities, Academic Achievement
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Niehaus, Kate; Adelson, Jill L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
This study examined the relationships among school support, parental school involvement, and academic and social-emotional outcomes for children who are English language learners (ELLs). The sample included 1,020 third-grade ELLs who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K). Results from structural equation modeling showed…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, English Language Learners, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Benner, Aprile D.; Crosnoe, Robert – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
This study attempted to untangle how two dimensions of school racial/ethnic composition--racial/ethnic diversity of the student body and racial/ethnic matching between children and their peers--were related to socioemotional and academic development after the transition into elementary school. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Racial Factors, Academic Achievement, Young Children
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Ready, Douglas D.; Wright, David L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Teachers' subjective understandings of their students' cognitive abilities have important implications for classroom interactions, children's access to resources and opportunities, and educational equity more broadly. Using nationally representative data and three-level hierarchical linear models, this study explored the links between teacher…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Cognitive Ability
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Kieffer, Michael J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Using longitudinal data on a nationally representative U.S. cohort, this study examined the roles of language minority (LM) status and English proficiency in English reading growth across the elementary and middle school years. Piecewise growth modeling was used to compare English reading growth trajectories for native English speakers and LM…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Minorities, Native Speakers, Limited English Speaking
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Robinson, Joseph Paul; Lubienski, Sarah Theule – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Using K-8 national longitudinal data, the authors investigate males' and females' achievement in math and reading, including when gender gaps first appear, whether the appearance of gaps depends on the metric used, and where on the achievement distribution gaps are most prevalent. Additionally, teachers' assessments of males and females are…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Females, Mathematics Achievement, Males
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Crosnoe, Robert; Cooper, Carey E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
Working from a core perspective on the developmental implications of economic disadvantage, this study attempted to identify "family-based" mechanisms of economic effects on early learning and their potential "school-based" remedies. Multilevel analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Teacher Qualifications, Economically Disadvantaged, Disadvantaged Youth
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Sonnenschein, Susan; Stapleton, Laura M.; Benson, Amy – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
A latent growth model was used to investigate the longer term efficacy of phonics and integrated language arts instruction as well as amount of such instruction on children's reading development, using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study data set (kindergarten through fifth grade). Type and amount of instruction were…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Comprehension, At Risk Students, Ethnicity
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Reardon, Sean F.; Galindo, Claudia – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
This article describes the developmental patterns of Hispanic-White math and reading achievement gaps in elementary school, paying attention to variation in these patterns among Hispanic subgroups. Compared to non-Hispanic White students, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with much lower average math and reading skills. The gaps narrow by…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Achievement Gains, Reading Skills, Language Skills