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Garry, Vanessa – American Educational History Journal, 2018
As the early twentieth century's restrictive social policies and poor economic conditions relegated African Americans in St. Louis, Mo. to high poverty neighborhoods, parents were forced to enroll their children in substandard segregated schools. Meanwhile the African American population increased in size from 108,765 (11.4 percent) in 1940 to…
Descriptors: Community Education, Personal Narratives, African Americans, School Segregation
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Watras, Joseph – American Educational History Journal, 2013
With the rise of the Cold War, federal officials in the United States sought to end the racial segregation that the U.S. Supreme Court had accepted in the 1896 decision of "Plessy v. Ferguson." Although the reforms began with changes in the armed services, they moved to reduce racial segregation in schools. Many forces brought about the…
Descriptors: United States History, Conflict, Racial Segregation, School Desegregation