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Garry, Vanessa – American Educational History Journal, 2018
As the early twentieth century's restrictive social policies and poor economic conditions relegated African Americans in St. Louis, Mo. to high poverty neighborhoods, parents were forced to enroll their children in substandard segregated schools. Meanwhile the African American population increased in size from 108,765 (11.4 percent) in 1940 to…
Descriptors: Community Education, Personal Narratives, African Americans, School Segregation
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Watras, Joseph – American Educational History Journal, 2013
With the rise of the Cold War, federal officials in the United States sought to end the racial segregation that the U.S. Supreme Court had accepted in the 1896 decision of "Plessy v. Ferguson." Although the reforms began with changes in the armed services, they moved to reduce racial segregation in schools. Many forces brought about the…
Descriptors: United States History, Conflict, Racial Segregation, School Desegregation
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Friend, Jennifer – American Educational History Journal, 2007
Parochial and private schools in the United States have maintained opportunities for students to attend same-gender settings without interference from policies governing public education. The gender composition and curriculum of public schools, however, have been influenced by societal regulations and expectations that have often utilized…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Private Schools, Federal Legislation, Educational Opportunities
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Taggart, Robert – American Educational History Journal, 2004
The once all black Howard High School in Wilmington, Delaware, has had a long and interesting past. For more than a century, the high school attempted to maintain a strong academic core amidst pressure from the white community to become a vocational or "industrial" school, following the Tuskegee model. In this article, the author…
Descriptors: High Schools, School Segregation, African American Students, Vocational Education