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McCullough, D. O. – American Educational History Journal, 2019
In March 1958, a tense six months after the launch of the Russian satellite Sputnik I sent a shockwave of fear and purpose through the United States, an essay published in the Franklin Institute (TFI) monthly member newsletter, "The Institute News," opened with an oddly defiant, even dismissive tone ("Sputnik, Teachers &…
Descriptors: Museums, War, Social Systems, Political Attitudes
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Gunn, Dennis – American Educational History Journal, 2018
Rapid changes in American society in the early twentieth century fostered both a general sense of optimism for America's future and a perceived sense of moral dislocation affecting present and future generations of America's youth. Urbanization, modernization, and the increasing presence of immigrant populations were often viewed as challenges to…
Descriptors: Moral Development, Values Education, United States History, Political Attitudes
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Laukaitis, John – American Educational History Journal, 2017
Diane Ravitch's "The Death and Life of the Great American School System" (2010) and "Reign of Error" (2013) represent a significant shift in the contemporary political dialogue on education reform. The once staunch supporter of national academic standards and market-based reforms, Ravitch reversed nearly every position she…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educational History, Political Attitudes
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Anderson, Jennifer Paul; O'Brien, Thomas V. – American Educational History Journal, 2016
In the United States in the 1950s and 1960s, several states followed the lead of Joseph McCarthy and formed committees to investigate Americans considered to be potentially subversive within states' governments. Students and professors fell victim to the "lavender scare," as public universities forced them to make concessions to their…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Privacy, College Presidents, Educational History
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Ellis, Mark – American Educational History Journal, 2013
During the early 1920s, the question of who should control the schooling of African American children caused controversy in several Southern states, including Georgia. White educationists and bureaucrats were divided into two groups: the conservatives who called for educational needs to be determined and funded locally, and a growing reformist…
Descriptors: Race, Educational History, African American Students, School Buildings
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Laukaitis, John J. – American Educational History Journal, 2013
In 1951, William F. Buckley, Jr. was a recent alumnus of Yale University and former editor of the "Yale Daily News" when his first major work, "God and Man at Yale: The Superstitions of 'Academic Freedom'," became a controversial polemic that attracted national attention. In his work, Buckley claimed Yale's faculty advanced…
Descriptors: Criticism, Educational History, Higher Education, Social Systems
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McAndrews, Lawrence J. – American Educational History Journal, 2013
The enactment of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in January 2002 was the culmination of an emerging consensus in the 1980s and 1990s behind greater federal regulation of the nation's elementary and secondary schools. The reauthorization of Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson's Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 by Republican…
Descriptors: Politics of Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Educational History
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Glotzer, Richard – American Educational History Journal, 2013
Information technology has spawned new evidentiary sources, better retrieval systems for existing ones, and new tools for interpreting traditional source materials. These advances have contributed to a broadening of public participation in civil society (Blouin and Rosenberg 2006). In these culturally unsettled and economically fragile times…
Descriptors: Educational History, Information Technology, Role of Education, Social Change
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Green, James – American Educational History Journal, 2012
The March 24, 2008, edition of "National Review" (NR) was dedicated to the memory of its founder: William F. Buckley, Jr., who had passed away on February 27, 2008. It included thirty two different memorials about him written by prominent authors, editors, social commentators, fellow journalists, politicians, and historians. Then NR…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Attitudes, Authors, Novices
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Rodgers, James B.; Null, J. Wesley – American Educational History Journal, 2009
Following World War II, fear rooted in Communist paranoia gripped America. This distress seeped into all aspects of American culture, including education. The American people became increasingly worried that Communist influences would infiltrate the schools and pervert the minds of children. At the forefront of this quagmire was Dr. Earl James…
Descriptors: United States History, Social Systems, Behavior, Fear
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Aby, Stephen H. – American Educational History Journal, 2009
In recent years, there has been considerable and renewed interest in the effects of McCarthyism on academia. Ellen Schrecker's "No Ivory Tower" (1986), Lionel Lewis' "Cold War on Campus" (1988), David Holmes' "Stalking the Academic Communist" (1989), Charles McCormick's "This Nest of Vipers" (1989), Neil Hamilton's "Zealotry and Academic Freedom"…
Descriptors: Professional Associations, College Faculty, United States History, Behavior
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Garrison, Joshua – American Educational History Journal, 2009
Unrealistic as they may have been, television shows like Leave it to Beaver and Ozzie and Harriet served important social purposes during an age of tumult and anxiety. The domestic sit-coms of the 1950s played an educative function by reinforcing and disseminating traditional values at a time when forces of change were becoming quite disruptive.…
Descriptors: United States History, War, Social Systems, Political Attitudes
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Groen, Mark – American Educational History Journal, 2009
The 1960s was a tumultuous decade in American public education. It was a time of transition and change. To many Americans in the early 1960s, Max Rafferty appeared to be a reactionary conservative harking back to an educational past. The longer perspective of history may instead see Rafferty as a harbinger of the educational policies of the 1990s.…
Descriptors: United States History, War, Activism, Young Adults
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Groen, Mark – American Educational History Journal, 2008
The question of how Whig policies affected the early development of common schools has received little examination in either political or educational histories. There is evidence, however, that Whig party politics did influence early educational reformers. This paper considers the influence of Whig party politics on the emergence of state systems…
Descriptors: Careers, Politics, Political Attitudes, Public Policy
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Garrett, Alan W. – American Educational History Journal, 2006
As Jesse H. Newlon prepared to speak at Teachers College on July 10, 1940, he apparently did not appreciate the impact his words would make. He had not prepared a complete text of his remarks, as was his habit for important speeches, speaking instead from a three-page outline. His ultimate title, "The Teaching Profession and the World Crisis," was…
Descriptors: Educational History, Speeches, Public Speaking, Role of Education
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