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Morris, Wade H. – American Educational History Journal, 2019
In 1955, the General Convention of the Episcopal Church called for the racial desegregation of Episcopal institutions: parishes, seminaries, and schools. The study of Episcopal school desegregation reveals a fundamental paradox: Episcopal theology promoted desegregation but "white flight" spurred Episcopal school growth. The question of…
Descriptors: Whites, Protestants, Churches, School Desegregation
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Moore, Alfred D., III; Anderson, Christian K. – American Educational History Journal, 2018
The Law School at South Carolina State College, a black college located in Orangeburg, South Carolina, was founded in 1947 as a segregated school to keep black students out of the state's all-white law school. However, this small law school produced in its nineteen-year existence a generation of attorneys whose education and achievements outlived…
Descriptors: Law Schools, Black Colleges, Educational History, United States History
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DiGenio, Natasha – American Educational History Journal, 2016
The cases analyzed in this essay exemplify both the influence of the sexual revolution and the conservative backlash against it. Topics that were once considered obscene were now seen as educational. Without this greater openness, none of these court cases would have been possible. In fact, people fighting against censorship and repression…
Descriptors: Educational History, Sex Education, Social Change, Censorship
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Spaulding, Lucinda S.; Pratt, Sharon M. – American Educational History Journal, 2015
Most reviews of the history of special education in the United States survey reforms from the 1960s to the1970s, thus inferring the field is fairly young and progress is quite recent. However, this recent era of reform is not unprecedented. The history of disability advocacy and the development of special education in the United States began a…
Descriptors: Educational History, United States History, Disabilities, Special Education
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Groce, Eric; Bellows, M. Elizabeth; McClure, Greg; Daigle, Elizabeth; Heafner, Tina; Fox, Brandon – American Educational History Journal, 2014
In 1991, Herbert Kohl argued against the inaccurate and incomplete story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott that appeared prominently within texts and trade books of that era (Kohl 1991). He contended the biased perspective stripped Montgomery's African American community of their courage, intelligence, and moral conviction. Kohl…
Descriptors: Picture Books, African Americans, Activism, Childrens Literature
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Kershner, Seth – American Educational History Journal, 2014
For more than forty years, parents, teachers, veterans, and community activists have engaged in grassroots resistance to the military's presence in schools. The historical study of campaigns against militarism in schools remains underdeveloped. This is a glaring omission, given the breadth and history of this activism. Militarism in the…
Descriptors: Peace, Activism, Volunteers, High Schools
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Graves, Karen – American Educational History Journal, 2014
The "Bakke" decision marked a turning point in higher education. Tested again most recently in "Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin," affirmative action policy remains in place even as the Roberts Court shakes its foundation by demanding a degree of administrative oversight not pursued by previous Courts. In spite of…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Affirmative Action, Higher Education, Disproportionate Representation
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Webb, Rhonda K.; Bohan, Chara Haeussler – American Educational History Journal, 2014
During the aftermath of the First Red Scare in the 1930s and during the early stages of the Cold War in the 1940s, the United States engaged in a great national effort to preserve and protect its capitalist system from international rival--the communist Soviet Union. In the American South, states such as Georgia, Mississippi, and Alabama faced a…
Descriptors: United States History, Racial Segregation, Racial Discrimination, Public Education
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Morowski, Deborah L. – American Educational History Journal, 2013
After the Civil War, schooling for African Americans was irregular and consisted mainly of elementary grades. Education was provided, primarily, by elite, private institutions and fewer than three percent of students aged 13-17 attended regularly. In 1896, the United States Supreme Court issued a ruling in "Plessey v. Ferguson." Although…
Descriptors: Public Opinion, Hidden Curriculum, School Segregation, Court Litigation
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Watras, Joseph – American Educational History Journal, 2013
With the rise of the Cold War, federal officials in the United States sought to end the racial segregation that the U.S. Supreme Court had accepted in the 1896 decision of "Plessy v. Ferguson." Although the reforms began with changes in the armed services, they moved to reduce racial segregation in schools. Many forces brought about the…
Descriptors: United States History, Conflict, Racial Segregation, School Desegregation
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Davis, Donna M.; Friend, Jennifer; Caruthers, Loyce – American Educational History Journal, 2010
About 50 miles east of Topeka, Kansas, in what is now the suburban town of Merriam sits South Park Elementary School. Built in 1947 for white children at a cost of $90,000, the school at that time showcased eight modern classrooms, a multi-purpose auditorium, a lunchroom, and playground. Today, the building serves as a monument to a struggle for…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Racial Bias, Racial Segregation, School Districts
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Schraven, Jodie; Jolly, Jennifer L. – American Educational History Journal, 2010
This paper seeks to specifically focus on the evolution of civil rights case law and legislation as it pertains to educating students with disabilities, specifically the often implemented but poorly understood Section 504 provisions. The purpose of this paper is to examine historical influences that precipitated the implementation of Section 504…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Disabilities, Educational Change, Politics of Education
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Williams, J. Kelton – American Educational History Journal, 2010
During the period 1962-1994, the United States Supreme Court handed down several decisions that increasingly limited the influence of religion in schools ("Engel v Vitale" 1962; "Abington v. Schempp" 1963; "Lemon v. Kurtzman," "Early v. DiCenso," and "Robinson v. DiCenso" 1971; "Wallace v.…
Descriptors: Christianity, Protestants, Court Litigation, Federal Government
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Riley, Karen L.; Brown, Jennifer A.; Braswell, Ray – American Educational History Journal, 2007
The purpose of this paper is to present an analysis of the Scopes Trial based upon the film "Inherit the Wind" (United Artists 1960) and how it helped to shape the public's perception of teachers, within the context of historical accounts of the trial, including the trial transcript and daily reports from individuals such as H. L. Mencken, a…
Descriptors: United States History, Evolution, Court Litigation, Content Analysis
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Gonzalez, Juan Carlos – American Educational History Journal, 2007
This article examines the effect of history and law in the segregation and integration of Latinas/os in schools. Initially, a Critical Race Theory (CRT) analysis of the question of the effects of Latina/o school desegregation history and law on their present-day educational conditions highlighted the reasons for the omni-present struggle for…
Descriptors: Equal Education, School Desegregation, School Segregation, Hispanic Americans
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