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Smith, Spencer J. – American Educational History Journal, 2019
In a time of political turmoil in which both women (#MeToo) and black people (#BlackLivesMatter) are fighting to be heard and recognized, it is worthwhile to look at the past to perhaps uncover new narratives that can give direction. Citizenship Schools provided a way for civil rights activists to civically engage individuals who were previously…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Citizenship Education, Civil Rights
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Garry, Vanessa – American Educational History Journal, 2018
As the early twentieth century's restrictive social policies and poor economic conditions relegated African Americans in St. Louis, Mo. to high poverty neighborhoods, parents were forced to enroll their children in substandard segregated schools. Meanwhile the African American population increased in size from 108,765 (11.4 percent) in 1940 to…
Descriptors: Community Education, Personal Narratives, African Americans, School Segregation
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Perotta, Katherine – American Educational History Journal, 2017
December 1, 2015, marked the 60th anniversary of Rosa Parks' arrest for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery bus in 1955. This incident sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the mid-20th century civil rights movement. A century before Parks' act of resistance, African American schoolteacher Elizabeth Jennings was…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, African American History, Activism, Influences
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Stewart, Dafina-Lazarus – American Educational History Journal, 2017
A group of private liberal arts colleges in Ohio, Michigan, and Indiana, formed a voluntary association called the Great Lakes Colleges Association (GLCA) in 1962 based on their self-perceived shared interests and missions. These institutions included Albion College, Antioch College, Denison University, DePauw University, Earlham College, Hope…
Descriptors: African American Students, College Students, Educational Experience, Educational History
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Anderson, Jennifer Paul; O'Brien, Thomas V. – American Educational History Journal, 2016
In the United States in the 1950s and 1960s, several states followed the lead of Joseph McCarthy and formed committees to investigate Americans considered to be potentially subversive within states' governments. Students and professors fell victim to the "lavender scare," as public universities forced them to make concessions to their…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Privacy, College Presidents, Educational History
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Poos, Bradley W. – American Educational History Journal, 2016
The year 1968 denotes a particularly salient moment in American history, not least because it marks the year in which the Civil Rights movement lost its charismatic leader, Martin Luther King, Jr. The assassination of King on April 4, 1968, resulted in widespread and spontaneous uprisings across the country, including one in Kansas City. Not…
Descriptors: Educational History, Race, Violence, Racial Bias
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Poch, Robert K. – American Educational History Journal, 2015
This article explores the complex contexts and relationships that enabled student civil rights advocates to emerge at Howard University in the 1930s and 1940s. Such histories are valuable given their realistic portrayal of the daily challenges, interpersonal collisions, collaborations, and organizational positioning that made some human rights…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, College Students, Civil Rights, Activism
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Groce, Eric; Bellows, M. Elizabeth; McClure, Greg; Daigle, Elizabeth; Heafner, Tina; Fox, Brandon – American Educational History Journal, 2014
In 1991, Herbert Kohl argued against the inaccurate and incomplete story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott that appeared prominently within texts and trade books of that era (Kohl 1991). He contended the biased perspective stripped Montgomery's African American community of their courage, intelligence, and moral conviction. Kohl…
Descriptors: Picture Books, African Americans, Activism, Childrens Literature
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Hussain, Khuram – American Educational History Journal, 2014
In the 1960s, "Muhammad Speaks" and "Black Panther" were widely known for their sensational rhetoric and calls for radical social reform. Yet they also served as a distinct voice in Black communities, providing critical and creative perspectives on a range of social issues--from education reform to police reform--that received…
Descriptors: Whites, African Americans, Racial Discrimination, Social Change
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Groen, Mark – American Educational History Journal, 2014
When viewing the landscape of learning and literacy, politics and policy often intersect. Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, literacy is one skill that progressives sought to expand and others historically used to restrict access to immigration, jobs, and civic participation. During the closing decades of the nineteenth century,…
Descriptors: Literacy, Political Issues, Public Policy, Language Usage
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Watras, Joseph – American Educational History Journal, 2013
With the rise of the Cold War, federal officials in the United States sought to end the racial segregation that the U.S. Supreme Court had accepted in the 1896 decision of "Plessy v. Ferguson." Although the reforms began with changes in the armed services, they moved to reduce racial segregation in schools. Many forces brought about the…
Descriptors: United States History, Conflict, Racial Segregation, School Desegregation
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Schraven, Jodie; Jolly, Jennifer L. – American Educational History Journal, 2010
This paper seeks to specifically focus on the evolution of civil rights case law and legislation as it pertains to educating students with disabilities, specifically the often implemented but poorly understood Section 504 provisions. The purpose of this paper is to examine historical influences that precipitated the implementation of Section 504…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Disabilities, Educational Change, Politics of Education