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Laukaitis, John – American Educational History Journal, 2010
With the colonization of Ireland in the 17th century by Cromwellian and Williamite forces, the spread of English as a language of power marked a linguistic shift as Anglicization and economic necessity transformed Irish to a vernacular of the poor. Where Irish was spoken by almost all throughout the country in the 17th century, a steady drop began…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Irish, Organizations (Groups), Language Attitudes