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Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Fitzgerald, Molly; Jensema, Carl – American Annals of the Deaf, 1981
Results of a survey completed by 2,232 hearing impaired persons using closed captioned TV systems indicated that most viewers are satisfied with the captions and with the close captioned programs which dominate their viewing time. News and movies were most frequently mentioned for programs which should be captioned. (CL)
Descriptors: Captions, Hearing Impairments, National Surveys, Television
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Jensema, Carl – American Annals of the Deaf, 1998
Video segments captioned at different speeds were shown to a group of 578 people (ages 8 to 80) who are deaf, hard of hearing, or typically hearing. The most comfortable speed was found to be about 145 words per minute (WPM), close to the 141 WPM mean rate actually found in television programs. (Author/CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Captions, Children, Conceptual Tempo
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Jensema, Carl; And Others – American Annals of the Deaf, 1996
This article summarizes an extensive research project on the closed-captioning of 205 television programs for deaf and hard-of-hearing people. Among findings were average caption speed was 141 words per minute; percentage of script edited out ranged from zero to 19; and a total of 16,102 unique words was used. (DB)
Descriptors: Access to Information, Accessibility (for Disabled), Captions, Communication Aids (for Disabled)