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Connell, Peggy H.; Cobia, F. Jane; Hodge, Pat H. – Alabama Journal of Educational Leadership, 2015
Eighty percent of public school teachers are females, but only 24% of school superintendents are females. This upward trend from a low of 1.3% in the early 1970s has not mirrored the increase of females in executive level positions in other professions. A mixed-methods design identified the barriers that contribute to the under-representation and…
Descriptors: Women Administrators, Likert Scales, Qualitative Research, Administrator Attitudes
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Grace, Ronald A.; Harrington, Sonja Y. – Alabama Journal of Educational Leadership, 2015
Using a quantitative study the researchers examined perceptions regarding school climate of parents with children who attend urban schools, based on several dimensions: quality of the instructional program, support for learning, school climate/environment for learning, parent/school relationships, and resource management. Of the 150 administered…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Public Schools, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement
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Nash, Ruth C.; Richardson, Yvette M.; Hodge, Patricia H.; Connell, Peggy H.; Green, Zebbra P. – Alabama Journal of Educational Leadership, 2014
Based on current research, many students in the middle grades (6-8) have not performed at their highest academic levels. In 2011, more than one-half of eighth graders in 16 Southern states scored basic or below basic on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Alternatively, effective principal-leaders strategically demonstrated…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Middle School Teachers, Instructional Leadership, Educational Practices