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Sadighi, Shiva; Yamini, Mortaza; Bagheri, Mohammad Sadegh; Yarmohammadi, Lotfollah; Zamanian, Mustafa – African Educational Research Journal, 2018
In this study, we investigated the possible wash-back effect of the university entrance exam as a high-stakes test and the pre-university English textbook. A 16-item teacher's perspective questionnaire was given to 40 female and male teachers teaching at pre-university schools in Education District No. One, Shiraz, Iran. The data obtained were…
Descriptors: Language Teachers, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction