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Bruce, Richard M. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2017
Learning the basic competencies of critical thinking are very important in the education of any young scientist, and teachers must be prepared to help students develop a valuable set of analytic tools. In my experience, this is best achieved by encouraging students to study areas with little scientific consensus, such as the control mechanisms of…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Science Instruction
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Washburn, Shannon; Herman, James; Stewart, Randolph – Advances in Physiology Education, 2017
In the veterinary professional curriculum, methods of examination in many courses are transitioning from the traditional paper-based exams to electronic-based exams. Therefore, a controlled trial to evaluate the impact of testing methodology on examination performance in a veterinary physiology course was designed and implemented. Formalized…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Veterinary Medical Education, Physiology
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Dirks-Naylor, Amie J. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
Renal transport is a central mechanism underlying electrolyte homeostasis, acid base balance and other essential functions of the kidneys in human physiology. Thus, knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the nephron is essential for the understanding of kidney function in health and disease. However, students find this content difficult to…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Science Education, Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction
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Lujan, Lujan; DiCarlo, Stephen E. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
Galen of Pergamon (130-200 A.D.) was an accomplished showman and scientist who made enormous advancements in the understanding of the heart, nervous system, and mechanics of breathing. These advancements were often achieved during impressive public "performances" of vivisection on Barbary apes and other living animals. These "shock…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Science Experiments, Human Body, Physiology
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Montrezor, Luís H. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
The evaluation process is complex and extremely important in the teaching/learning process. Evaluations are constantly employed in the classroom to assist students in the learning process and to help teachers improve the teaching process. The use of active methodologies encourages students to participate in the learning process, encourages…
Descriptors: Physiology, Active Learning, Medical Students, Learning Activities
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Kibble, Jonathan D.; Bellew, Christine; Asmar, Abdo; Barkley, Lisa – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
The goal of this review is to highlight the key elements needed to successfully deploy team-based learning (TBL) in any class, but especially in large enrolment classes, where smooth logistics are essential. The text is based on a lecture and workshop given at the American Physiological Society's Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, WI,…
Descriptors: Teamwork, Classroom Techniques, Teaching Methods, Case Studies
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Simpson, Melanie Rae – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
As a newcomer, the philosophical basis of systems biology seems intuitive and appealing, the underlying philosophy being that the whole of a living system cannot be completely understood by the study of its individual parts. Yet answers to the questions "What is systems biology?" and "What constitutes a systems biology approach in…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Biology, Systems Approach, Physiology
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Augustyniak, Robert A.; Ables, Adrienne Z.; Guilford, Philip; Lujan, Heidi L.; Cortright, Ronald N.; DiCarlo, Stephen E. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
Intrinsic motivation to learn involves engaging in learning opportunities because they are seen as enjoyable, interesting, or relevant to meeting one's core psychological needs. As a result, intrinsic motivation is associated with high levels of effort and task performance. Students with greater levels of intrinsic motivation demonstrate strong…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Academic Achievement, Physiology, Student Interests
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Hage, Maria Cristina F. N. S.; Massaferro, Ana Beatriz; Lopes, Érika Rondon; Beraldo, Carolina Mariano; Daniel, Jéssika – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
Pericardial effusion can lead to cardiac tamponade, which endangers an animal's life. Ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis is used to remove abnormal liquid; however, it requires technical expertise. In veterinary medical education, the opportunity to teach this procedure to save lives during emergencies is rare; therefore, simulators are…
Descriptors: Veterinary Medical Education, Diagnostic Tests, Simulation, Animals
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Jarrett, Kevin; Williams, Mary; Horn, Spencer; Radford, David; Wyss, J. Michael – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
"Sickle cell anemia: tracking down a mutation" is a full-day, inquiry-based, biology experience for high school students enrolled in genetics or advanced biology courses. In the experience, students use restriction endonuclease digestion, cellulose acetate gel electrophoresis, and microscopy to discover which of three putative patients…
Descriptors: Diseases, Biology, Science Instruction, High School Students
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Landa-Jiménez, M. A.; González-Gaspar, P.; Pérez-Estudillo, C.; López-Meraz, M. L.; Morgado-Valle, C.; Beltran-Parrazal, L. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
A Muscle-Computer Interface (muCI) is a human-machine system that uses electromyographic (EMG) signals to communicate with a computer. Surface EMG (sEMG) signals are currently used to command robotic devices, such as robotic arms and hands, and mobile robots, such as wheelchairs. These signals reflect the motor intention of a user before the…
Descriptors: Physiology, Neurosciences, Robotics, Muscular Strength
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Angra, Aakanksha; Gardner, Stephanie M. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
Research on graph interpretation and basic construction is extensive, and student difficulties, primarily in K-12 type settings, have been well documented [e.g., graph choice, labels for axes, variables, and scaling axes]. It is important to provide students with repeated opportunities to increase competency and practice critical reflection in…
Descriptors: Graphs, Instructional Materials, Guides, Data
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Macknight, A. D. C. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
In this article, the author acknowledges that tertiary education has remained relatively unchanged for centuries, delivering information to students through lectures, books, and laboratories where appropriate. However, new technologies are removing the need for traditional teaching because of better understanding of how people actually learn. We…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Teaching Methods, Higher Education, Physiology
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Severinghaus, John W. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
During the last century, historians have discovered that between the 13th and 18th centuries, at least six sages discovered that the air we breathe contains something that we need and use. Ibn al-Nafis (1213-1288) in Cairo and Michael Servetus (1511-1553) in France accurately described the pulmonary circulation and its effect on blood color.…
Descriptors: Physiology, Scientific Research, History, Metabolism
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Dampney, Roger A. L. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
This brief review, which is based on a lecture presented at the American Physiological Society Teaching Refresher Course on the Brain and Systems Control as part of the Experimental Biology meeting in 2015, aims to summarize current concepts of the principal mechanisms in the brain that regulate the autonomic outflow to the cardiovascular system.…
Descriptors: Human Body, Brain, Neurological Organization, Neurosciences
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