ERIC Number: EJ1231027
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation of Multicomponent, Case-Based Learning for First-Year Indian Medical Undergraduates
Muthukrishnan, Suriya Prakash; Chandran, Dinu S.; Afreen, Naaz; Bir, Megha; Dastidar, Shaon Ghosh; Jayappa, Harsith; Mattoo, Bhawna; Navneet, Arvind; Poorasamy, Jeevitha; Roy, Atanu; Sharma, Anju; Ghosh, Debabrata; Deepak, Kishore K.
Advances in Physiology Education, v43 n4 p504-511 Dec 2019
Didactic lecture is an effective method to quickly pass on a high volume of information to a large number of students. However, if not well designed, lectures can be monotonous and provide only passive learning, with little scope for higher order learning skills. To address this drawback of lectures, we supplemented it with case-based learning (CBL), which has been shown to promote self-learning. After giving an overview of gastrointestinal physiology through lectures, CBL on peptic ulcer disease was implemented for first-year Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery students. The present study aimed to evaluate the students' and teachers' opinions on the notion of supplementing lectures with CBL. In previous reports, discussion using clinical cases was primarily employed as the solitary component for conducting CBL. In the present study, three different but mutually exclusive components, such as case discussion, concept map, and critical thinking exercise on a specific topic in gastrointestinal pathophysiology, were integrated to form the multicomponent CBL (MC-CBL). Students reported that MC-CBL could promote application of the knowledge learned in lectures in a more appropriate context (92.42% positive response), enhance their learning efficiency (98.46% positive response), promote their active participation in the learning process (98.48% positive response), and help them in integrating physiological concepts with clinical science (98.46% positive response). Teachers observed that MC-CBL could promote active learning, analytic, and problem-solving skills of students. In conclusion, MC-CBL appeared to be an effective supplement for the lectures, providing an opportunity for the students to relate the knowledge learned during lectures.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Medical Education, Case Method (Teaching Technique), College Freshmen, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, College Faculty, Concept Mapping, Critical Thinking, Instructional Effectiveness, Active Learning, Lecture Method, Physiology, Problem Solving, Independent Study
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India