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Kay, Denise; Pasarica, Magdalena – Advances in Physiology Education, 2019
Faculty dissatisfaction with diminishing levels of student engagement in lifestyle medicine sessions prompted this exploratory project that compared differences in students' substantive engagement in medical preclinical and clinical level lifestyle medicine sessions. The preclinical and clinical level sessions had the same learning objectives and…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Student Satisfaction, Medical Education, Medical Students
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Loudon, Catherine; Macias-Muñoz, Aide – Advances in Physiology Education, 2018
Different versions of multiple-choice exams were administered to an undergraduate class in human physiology as part of normal testing in the classroom. The goal was to evaluate whether the number of options (possible answers) per question influenced the effectiveness of this assessment. Three exams (each with three versions) were given to each of…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Test Construction, Test Items, Science Tests
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Lira, Matthew E.; Gardner, Stephanie M. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2017
Physiology demands systems thinking: reasoning within and between levels of biological organization and across different organ systems. Many physiological mechanisms explain how structures and their properties interact at one level of organization to produce emergent functions at a higher level of organization. Current physiology principles, such…
Descriptors: Physiology, Systems Approach, Undergraduate Students, Science Instruction
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Dampney, Roger A. L. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2016
This brief review, which is based on a lecture presented at the American Physiological Society Teaching Refresher Course on the Brain and Systems Control as part of the Experimental Biology meeting in 2015, aims to summarize current concepts of the principal mechanisms in the brain that regulate the autonomic outflow to the cardiovascular system.…
Descriptors: Human Body, Brain, Neurological Organization, Neurosciences
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Barnes, Jill N. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2015
Increasing the lifespan of a population is often a marker of a country's success. With the percentage of the population over 65 yr of age expanding, managing the health and independence of this population is an ongoing concern. Advancing age is associated with a decrease in cognitive function that ultimately affects quality of life. Understanding…
Descriptors: Exercise, Cognitive Ability, Aging (Individuals), Older Adults
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Curran-Everett, Douglas; Williams, Calvin L. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2015
Learning about statistics is a lot like learning about science: the learning is more meaningful if you can actively explore. This tenth installment of "Explorations in Statistics" explores the analysis of a potential change in some physiological response. As researchers, we often express absolute change as percent change so we can…
Descriptors: Statistics, Statistical Analysis, Mathematical Applications, Problem Solving
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Mitchell, Jamie R. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2015
In this article, a physiology instructor with primarily a cardiovascular (CV) background has wondered what approach to take, with both novice and senior learners, when it comes to delivering material on the pressure or flow generation of the heart. A debate surrounds the pressure propulsion versus flow generation theories, where some understand…
Descriptors: Human Body, Physiology, Science Instruction, College Science
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Tansey, Etain A.; Johnson, Christopher D. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2015
Thermoregulation is the maintenance of a relatively constant core body temperature. Humans normally maintain a body temperature at 37°C, and maintenance of this relatively high temperature is critical to human survival. This concept is so important that control of thermoregulation is often the principal example cited when teaching physiological…
Descriptors: Human Body, Climate, Physiology, Scientific Concepts
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Steury, Michael D.; Poteracki, James M.; Kelly, Kevin L.; Wehrwein, Erica A. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2015
In the last several decades, there has been a shift in the mindset of research structure from classical "systems or integrative biology" to more molecular focused "-omics" study. A recent topic of debate in physiological societies has been whether or not the "-omic" revolution has delivered in its promises in both…
Descriptors: Physiology, Student Attitudes, College Seniors, Majors (Students)
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Ji, Li Li – Advances in Physiology Education, 2015
Skeletal muscle contraction is associated with the production of ROS due to altered O[subscript 2] distribution and flux in the cell. Despite a highly efficient antioxidant defense, a small surplus of ROS, such as hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide, may serve as signaling molecules to stimulate cellular adaptation to reach new homeostasis largely…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Exercise, Exercise Physiology, Older Adults
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Goodman, Barbara E.; Koster, Karen L.; Swanson, David L. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2015
In response to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute/Association of American Medical Colleges Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians (SFFP) report and a concern for better preparing undergraduates for future doctoral programs in the health professions, the deans of the College of Arts and Sciences and Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences of…
Descriptors: Biology, Undergraduate Students, Health Personnel, Science Education
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Stanford, Kristin I.; Goodyear, Laurie J. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2014
Exercise is a well-established tool to prevent and combat type 2 diabetes. Exercise improves whole body metabolic health in people with type 2 diabetes, and adaptations to skeletal muscle are essential for this improvement. An acute bout of exercise increases skeletal muscle glucose uptake, while chronic exercise training improves mitochondrial…
Descriptors: Exercise, Diabetes, Muscular Strength, Prevention
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Robischon, Marcel – Advances in Physiology Education, 2014
The medieval simile of the world as a book seems to anticipate modern notions of biodiversity as a key to insights and learning. This thought is translated into the practice of research in the August Krogh principle, which provides argumentative support for researchers who dare to venture beyond the range of commonly used models by choosing a new…
Descriptors: Biodiversity, Teaching Methods, Science Instruction, Textbooks
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Zehr, E. Paul – Advances in Physiology Education, 2014
Engaging communication of complex scientific concepts with the general public requires more than simplification. Compelling, relevant, and timely points of linkage between scientific concepts and the experiences and interests of the general public are needed. Pop-culture icons such as superheroes can represent excellent opportunities for exploring…
Descriptors: Popular Culture, Teaching Methods, Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction
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Sundman, Eva; Olofsson, Peder S. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2014
Neural reflexes support homeostasis by modulating the function of organ systems. Recent advances in neuroscience and immunology have revealed that neural reflexes also regulate the immune system. Activation of the vagus nerve modulates leukocyte cytokine production and alleviates experimental shock and autoimmune disease, and recent data have…
Descriptors: Physiology, Neurology, Stimulation, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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