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Versteeg, Marjolein; van Blankenstein, Floris M.; Putter, Hein; Steendijk, Paul – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Comprehension of physiology is essential for development of clinical reasoning. However, medical students often struggle to understand physiological concepts. Interactive learning through Peer instruction (PI) is known to stimulate students' comprehension, but its relative efficacy and working mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Peer Teaching, Comprehension, Physiology
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Benbassat, Jochanan – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Undergraduate clinical education follows the "bedside" tradition that exposes students to inpatients. However, the hospital learning environment has two main limitations. First, most inpatients require acute care, and students may complete their training without seeing patients with frequent non-emergent and chronic diseases that are…
Descriptors: Clinical Experience, Undergraduate Study, Hospitals, Experiential Learning
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Jackson, Carrie B.; Brabson, Laurel A.; Quetsch, Lauren B.; Herschell, Amy D. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Consistent with Baldwin and Ford's model (Pers Psychol 41(1):63-105, 1988), training transfer is defined as the generalization of learning from a training to everyday practice in the workplace. The purpose of this review was to examine the influence of work-environment factors, one component of the model hypothesized to influence training transfer…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Work Environment, Mental Health, Organizational Culture
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Fong, Shannon; Tan, Amy; Czupryn, Joanna; Oswald, Anna – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
The use of patient educators is one of many teaching strategies meant to foster principles of patient-centred care. We previously found that early patient educator exposure helped to shape the understanding of patient-centredness in pre-clerkship learners. We now expand on this work to evaluate whether there is persistence of initial perceptions…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Patients, Medical Education, Clinical Experience
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Hatala, Rose; Gutman, Jacqueline; Lineberry, Matthew; Triola, Marc; Pusic, Martin – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Learning curves can support a competency-based approach to assessment for learning. When interpreting repeated assessment data displayed as learning curves, a key assessment question is: "How well is each learner learning?" We outline the validity argument and investigation relevant to this question, for a computer-based repeated…
Descriptors: Medicine, Metabolism, Physicians, Clinical Diagnosis
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Griffin, Barbara; Auton, Jaime; Duvivier, Robbert; Shulruf, Boaz; Hu, Wendy – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
This study compared the profile of those who, after initial failure to be selected, choose to reapply to study medicine with those who did not reapply. It also evaluates the chance of a successful outcome for re-applicants. In 2013, 4007 applicants to undergraduate medical schools in the largest state in Australia were unsuccessful. Those who…
Descriptors: College Applicants, Undergraduate Study, Medical Schools, Probability
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Chipamaunga, Shalote; Prozesky, Detlef – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
The merits of integrative learning in promoting better educational outcomes are not questionable. However, there are contentious views on how to implement it. In addition, there is scanty evidence on how students experience it and how they develop the ability to integrate learning. In this paper, students' experiences of integration are explored.…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Undergraduate Students, Medical Education, Teacher Attitudes
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Lee, Victor; Brain, Keira; Martin, Jenepher – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
The increasing use of direct observation tools to assess routine performance has resulted in the growing reliance on assessor-based judgements in the workplace. However, we have a limited understanding of how assessors make judgements and formulate ratings in real world contexts. The current research on assessor cognition has largely focused on…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Evaluators, Cognitive Processes, Context Effect
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Najeeb, Umberin; Wong, Brian; Hollenberg, Elisa; Stroud, Lynfa; Edwards, Susan; Kuper, Ayelet – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Many international medical graduates (IMGs) enter North American residency programs every year. The Canadian IMG physician pool increasingly includes Canadian-born IMGs (C-IMGs) along with Immigrant-IMGs (I-IMGs). Similar trends exist in the United States. Our objective was to understand the similarities and differences in the challenges faced by…
Descriptors: Graduate Medical Education, Graduate Students, Immigrants, Cultural Differences
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Elmberger, Agnes; Björck, Erik; Liljedahl, Matilda; Nieminen, Juha; Bolander Laksov, Klara – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Many medical universities offer educational development activities to support clinical teachers in their teaching role. Research has focused on the scope and effectiveness of such activities and on why individual teachers attend. However, systemic perspectives that go beyond a focus on individual participants are scarce in the existing literature.…
Descriptors: Clinical Teaching (Health Professions), Hospitals, Educational Development, Social Theories
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Raymond, Mark R.; Stevens, Craig; Bucak, S. Deniz – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Research suggests that the three-option format is optimal for multiple choice questions (MCQs). This conclusion is supported by numerous studies showing that most distractors (i.e., incorrect answers) are selected by so few examinees that they are essentially nonfunctional. However, nearly all studies have defined a distractor as nonfunctional if…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Credentials, Test Format, Test Items
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Hörberg, Anna; Lindström, Veronica; Scheja, Max; Conte, Helen; Kalén, Susanne – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
The aim of this study was to explore challenging encounters experienced by registered nurses (RN) during their first year in the emergency medical service by using the social learning theory of communities of practice. During the first year in a new professional practice, a new RN experiences a transition during which the new professional identity…
Descriptors: Nurses, Medical Services, Socialization, Communities of Practice
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Piumatti, Giovanni; Abbiati, Milena; Baroffio, Anne; Gerbase, Margaret W. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Previous research highlighted associations between students' motivation for medical studies and their learning approaches on the one hand and empathy on the other. Internal motivational factors for studying medicine (e.g., care for patients, save lives) coupled with a deep approach to learning have been positively related to empathy in contrast to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Student Motivation, Cognitive Style, Empathy
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Lases, Lenny S. S.; Arah, Onyebuchi A.; Busch, Olivier R. C.; Heineman, Maas Jan; Lombarts, Kiki M. J. M. H. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
An optimal learning climate is crucial for the quality of residency training and may also improve residents' well-being and empathy. We investigated the associations of learning climate with residents' work-related well-being. A multicenter questionnaire study was performed among 271 surgery and gynaecology residents in 21 training programs from…
Descriptors: Well Being, Empathy, Surgery, Gynecology
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Klein, Martin; Otto, Bärbel; Fischer, Martin R.; Stark, Robin – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
The present study aims at fostering undergraduate medical students' clinical reasoning by learning from errors. By fostering the acquisition of "negative knowledge" about typical cognitive errors in the medical reasoning process, we support learners in avoiding future erroneous decisions and actions in similar situations. Since learning…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Thinking Skills, Case Method (Teaching Technique), Prompting
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