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Bergelson, Elika; Casillas, Marisa; Soderstrom, Melanie; Seidl, Amanda; Warlaumont, Anne S.; Amatuni, Andrei – Developmental Science, 2019
A range of demographic variables influences how much speech young children hear. However, because studies have used vastly different sampling methods, quantitative comparison of interlocking demographic effects has been nearly impossible, across or within studies. We harnessed a unique collection of existing naturalistic, day-long recordings from…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Speech Communication, Age Differences
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Tamasi, Katalin; McKean, Christina; Gafos, Adamantios; Hohle, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In a preferential looking paradigm, we studied how children's looking behavior and pupillary response were modulated by the degree of phonological mismatch between the correct label of a target referent and its manipulated form. We manipulated degree of mismatch by introducing one or more featural changes to the target label. Both looking behavior…
Descriptors: Phonology, Child Language, Preferences, Child Behavior
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Franchin, Laura; Savazzi, Federica; Neira-Gutierrez, Isabel Cristina; Surian, Luca – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Infants begin to understand some of the meanings of the adjective "good" at around thirteen months, but it is not clear when they start to map it to concepts in the moral domain. We investigated infants' and toddlers' knowledge of "good" in the domains of help and fairness. Participants at 20 and 30 months were shown computer…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Language, Cognitive Mapping, Concept Formation
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Lougheed, Jessica P.; Benson, Lizbeth; Cole, Pamela M.; Ram, Nilam – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The timing of events (e.g., how long it takes a child to exhibit a particular behavior) is often of interest in developmental science. Multilevel survival analysis (MSA) is useful for examining behavioral timing in observational studies (i.e., video recordings) of children's behavior. We illustrate how MSA can be used to answer 2 types of research…
Descriptors: Time, Child Behavior, Psychological Patterns, Data Analysis
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Vertsberger, Dana; Knafo-Noam, Ariel – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Unraveling factors that influence parenting is of great importance, since parents play an important role in their children's development. In this study we focused on parental prenatal expectations, parents' gender and child's distress to limitations as possible influences on parental behavior and observed the longitudinal associations between…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Child Rearing, Pregnancy
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Ninio, Anat – First Language, 2019
In children acquiring various languages, the early mastery of determiners strongly predicts syntactic development. What makes determiners important is not yet clear as there is a linguistic controversy regarding their syntactic behaviour. Some consider determiners to be similar to adjectives and to modify common nouns, while others consider the…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, English, Nouns
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Szagun, Gisela; Schramm, Satyam A. – First Language, 2019
This study examines the role of the lexicon and grammatical structure building in early grammar. Parent-report data in CDI format from a sample of 1151 German-speaking children between 1;6 and 2;6 and longitudinal spontaneous speech data from 22 children between 1;8 and 2;5 were used. Regression analysis of the parent-report data indicates that…
Descriptors: Child Language, German, Toddlers, Grammar
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Smith, Jodie; Levickis, Penny; Eadie, Tricia; Bretherton, Lesley; Conway, Laura; Goldfeld, Sharon – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Variations in parenting, more specifically less responsive and more directive parenting, contribute to language difficulties for children experiencing adversity. Further investigation of associations between specific responsive and directive behaviours and child language is required to understand how behaviours shape language over time…
Descriptors: Correlation, Child Language, Mother Attitudes, Mothers
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Lin, Xunyi; Xie, Sha; Li, Hui – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The present study explores the constructs of Chinese mothers' and fathers' engagement in toddlers' play in the daily context. A sample of 238 parents of toddlers (M = 30.43 months, SD = 3.45) completed a newly-developed instrument, the Chinese Parental Involvement in Toddler Play Activity Questionnaire (CPITPAQ), to report their play engagement.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Participation, Parent Child Relationship, Mothers
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Wellman, Henry M.; Song, Ju-Hyun; Peskin-Shepherd, Hope – Child Development, 2019
A crucial human cognitive goal is to understand and to be understood. But understanding often takes active management. Two studies investigated early developmental processes of understanding management by focusing on young children's comprehension monitoring. We ask: When and how do young children actively monitor their comprehension of…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Language Acquisition, Child Development, Developmental Stages
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Havron, Naomi; de Carvalho, Alex; Fiévet, Anne-Caroline; Christophe, Anne – Child Development, 2019
Adults create and update predictions about what speakers will say next. This study asks whether prediction can drive language acquisition, by testing whether 3- to 4-year-old children (n = 45) adapt to recent information when learning novel words. The study used a syntactic context which can precede both nouns and verbs to manipulate children's…
Descriptors: Prediction, Vocabulary Development, Nouns, Verbs
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Psouni, Elia; Falck, Andreas; Boström, Leni; Persson, Martin; Sidén, Lisa; Wallin, Maria – Child Development, 2019
Effects of "joint attention" were addressed on 3- to 4-year-olds' performance in a verbal false-Belief Test (FBT), featuring the experimenter as co-watcher rather than narrator. In two experiments, children (N = 183) watched a filmed-FBT jointly with a test leader, disjointed from a test leader, or alone. Children attending jointly with…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Young Children, Beliefs, Comparative Analysis
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Redshaw, Jonathan; Suddendorf, Thomas; Neldner, Karri; Wilks, Matti; Tomaselli, Keyan; Mushin, Ilana; Nielsen, Mark – Child Development, 2019
This study examined future-oriented behavior in children (3-6 years; N = 193) from three diverse societies--one industrialized Western city and two small, geographically isolated communities. Children had the opportunity to prepare for two alternative versions of an immediate future event over six trials. Some 3-year-olds from all cultures…
Descriptors: Futures (of Society), Toddlers, Young Children, Cultural Differences
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Gampe, Anja; Wermelinger, Stephanie; Daum, Moritz M. – Child Development, 2019
We explored the ability of children to adapt their communication to the needs of their communication partner. Monolingual and bilingual 3-year-old children (N = 110) observed two puppets looking for puzzle pieces. One puppet showed its appreciation of the children's help, the other puppet wanted to solve the puzzle on its own. The children's…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Interpersonal Communication, Toddlers, Puppetry
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Guo, Cuihua; Luo, Meifang; Wang, Xuxiang; Huang, Saijun; Meng, Zhaoxue; Shao, Jie; Zhang, Xuan; Shao, Zhi; Wu, Jieling; Robins, Diana L.; Jing, Jin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although early detection of autism facilitates intervention, early detection strategies are not yet widespread in China. To improve the situation, the Chinese version of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up (M-CHAT-R/F) was validated. The sample included 7928 toddlers, aged 16 to 30 months, screened during their…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers
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