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Ziegler, Esther; Edelsbrunner, Peter A.; Star, Jon R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Introducing new concepts to learners in an order of increasing complexity appears to be beneficial for learning, but typically introduction of concepts does not always adhere to this principle. We examined whether introducing new algebra concepts in a contrasted manner or in an order of increasing complexity instead of a different more typical…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Difficulty Level, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction
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Fiorella, Logan; Stull, Andrew T.; Kuhlmann, Shelbi; Mayer, Richard E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
This study tested 3 instructor presence features in learning from video lectures: dynamic drawings, eye contact with the camera, and instructor visibility. In 2 experiments, college students watched a video lecture about the human kidney, which consisted of a series of drawings and a spoken explanation from the instructor, and then took a written…
Descriptors: Lecture Method, Video Technology, Nonverbal Communication, Freehand Drawing
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Pan, Steven C.; Tajran, Jahan; Lovelett, Jarrett; Osuna, Jessica; Rickard, Timothy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Do the cognitive benefits of "interleaving"--the method of alternating between two or more skills or concepts during training--extend to foreign language learning? In four experiments, we investigated the efficacy of interleaved versus conventional blocked practice for teaching adult learners to conjugate Spanish verbs in the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Spanish, Verbs, Form Classes (Languages)
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Chaves-Barboza, Eduardo; Solá-Martínez, Tomás; Marín-Marín, José-Antonio; Sanz-Prieto, Mariano – Education Sciences, 2019
This article carries out a comparison of the self-efficacy of teachers in initial training, between the populations of two universities. A questionnaire with two Likert scales is applied in two samples, 836 subjects from the Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica) and 588 from the Universidad de Granada (Spain). The data is reviewed by means of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Self Efficacy, Preservice Teachers, Universities
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Choffin, Benoît; Popineau, Fabrice; Bourda, Yolaine; Vie, Jill-Jênn – International Educational Data Mining Society, 2019
Spaced repetition is among the most studied learning strategies in the cognitive science literature. It consists in temporally distributing exposure to an information so as to improve long-term memorization. Providing students with an adaptive and personalized distributed practice schedule would benefit more than just a generic scheduler. However,…
Descriptors: Intervals, Scheduling, Repetition, Memorization
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Von Hippel, Paul T. – Education Next, 2019
Every summer, the news is filled with stories about summer learning loss. The warnings sound dire: two months of math learning lost for most students every summer, and two to three months of reading learning lost for low-income students, according to the National Summer Learning Association. By the ninth grade, "summer learning loss during…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Retention (Psychology), Low Income Students, Misconceptions
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Leblebicioglu, G.; Abik, N. M.; Capkinoglu, E.; Metin, D.; Dogan, E. Eroglu; Cetin, P. S.; Schwartz, R. – Research in Science Education, 2019
Scientific inquiry is widely accepted as a method of science teaching. Understanding its characteristics, called Nature of Scientific Inquiry (NOSI), is also necessary for a whole conception of scientific inquiry. In this study NOSI aspects were taught explicitly through student inquiries in nature in two summer science camps. Students conducted…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Camps, Active Learning, Inquiry
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Zambrano, Jimmy; Kirschner, Femke; Sweller, John; Kirschner, Paul A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Collaborative learning is a widely used instructional technique, but factors determining its effectiveness still are unclear. Cognitive load theory was used to examine the effects of prior collaborative experience and density of distribution of information amongst learners on short-term retention and delayed retention tests, as well as cognitive…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Retention (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Kaplan-Rakowski, Regina – Contemporary Educational Technology, 2019
Vocabulary is crucial for language learning. Therefore, searching for the most effective methods to master vocabulary is an important quest. This study investigated the effect of stereoscopic three-dimensional (S3D) images on recall and retention of foreign language vocabulary. S3D images, frequently used in virtual reality visualizations, are…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Vocabulary, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology)
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Fairfax, Emily; Brown, Megan R. M. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2019
People with disabilities are chronically underrepresented in many geoscience departments across the country. There are a number of proposed reasons why this under-representation persists, one of which is lack of instructor training in designing accessible curriculum and making high-quality accommodations. This not only puts students with…
Descriptors: Geology, College Science, Undergraduate Students, Science Laboratories
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Nairne, James S.; Coverdale, Michelle E.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Four experiments investigated the mnemonic effects of generating survival situations. People were given target words and asked to generate survival situations involving that stimulus (e.g., DOOR: "I'm in a house that's on fire, and I can escape through the door"). No constraints were placed on the generation process, other than that it…
Descriptors: Mnemonics, Recall (Psychology), Evolution, Retention (Psychology)
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Li, Wenjing; Wang, Fuxing; Mayer, Richard E.; Liu, Huashan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Previous studies have shown that students learn better from an online lesson when a gesturing pedagogical agent is added (Mayer & DaPra, 2012; Wang, Li, Mayer, & Liu, 2018). The goal of this study is to pinpoint which aspect of a gesturing pedagogical agent causes an improvement in learning from an online lesson. College students learned…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Nonverbal Communication, Electronic Learning, Eye Movements
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Aaron, Lynn S.; Lipton, Talia – Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 2018
It is not uncommon to walk into a college classroom and find all heads bowed down to a flashing screen and the room . . . silent. While digital devices can certainly support learning, what about when they are a distraction? This study explored this 21st-century phenomenon from two perspectives: Does the use of a device for nonacademic purposes…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Handheld Devices, Telecommunications, Barriers
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Knight, Jennifer A.; Justesen, Hilary A. – Reading Teacher, 2018
Comprehension is the overall goal of reading. One approach to help students increase their comprehension is to discuss a text in small-group settings. Yet, many students struggle to fully engage in meaningful discussions within these groups. Students' ability to retain and share what they read is one reason for this lack of discussion. Teaching…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Group Discussion
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Rukholm, Vanessa Natale; Helms-Park, Rena; Odgaard, Eric C.; Smyth, Ron – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2018
The effects of song and elaboration were assessed on the acquisition and retention of lexical items by beginner learners of Italian. Lexical acquisition investigated through an incidental learning experiment based on the premise that growth in L2 vocabulary can be facilitated by subvocal rehearsal and elaborate processing of lexical items.…
Descriptors: Singing, Italian, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development
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