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Adams, Wayne – 1970
Recent research has shown that certain stimuli are better remembered 6 months after initial exposure than after one week. An alternative explanation of these findings was tested. The explanation posited that the younger children "remember" as well at one week as 6 months later, but at the earlier testing many do not realize what aspect…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Learning Processes, Memory, Pictorial Stimuli
Miyakawa, Hiroko; Restaino, Lillian C. R. – 1976
Two experiments evaluated the effects of mnemonic training upon 5- and 10-year-old children's learning and retention of patterns at varying intervals. Subjects were 172 middle class children evenly distributed across the two age groups. Experiment I investigated the effects of individual strategies (perceptual exploration, organization of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Learning
Gounard, Beverley Roberts – 1975
This paper summarizes two studies which examine children's free recall of letter sequences in an auditory presentation. In both studies, sequences of six or eight letters were presented to 80 third-grade and 80 eighth-grade pupils, at the rate of one item every other second or four items per second. In the first study, where recall was either…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Modalities, Listening Comprehension
Bean, Thomas W. – 1978
An investigation was conducted to ascertain the effects of the structured overview on both the short-term and long-term comprehension of average and below average readers. The subjects were 143 college students classified as average or below average readers and randomly assigned to either a structured overview (65) or a control group (78). Both…
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Cognitive Processes, Directed Reading Activity, Discourse Analysis
Schwartz, Steven – 1976
This speech reports an experiment on memory and verbal ability. The study notes that in previous research, verbal ability has been found to correlate with sensitivity to order, an important component of intelligence. This relationship may be due largely to the greater word store of high verbal scorers. The author's experimental hypothesis is that…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Individual Differences, Intelligence, Memory
Sagaria, Sabato D.; Di Vesta, Francis J. – 1977
A total of 150 undergraduate students randomly assigned to five experimental groups studied ten paragraphs with questions interspersed at different locations in the text. Performance on incidental items was significantly lower (p < .05) in the question before (QB) than in the question after (QA), question before and after (QBA), and the…
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Attention Control, College Students, Higher Education
Ghatala, Elizabeth S.; And Others – 1977
An analysis was performed of multiple-choice tests in terms of the frequency theory of recognition memory. High and low ability children listened to sentences under different instructional sets (imagery rating and sentence repetition) and were later tested with multiple-choice alternatives: (1) either identical or similar in meaning to the…
Descriptors: Comprehension, Intermediate Grades, Learning Processes, Multiple Choice Tests
ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL. – 1978
This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 20 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: use of word information cues by beginning readers; the relationship between problem solving and oral reading strategies; the ease with which children learn…
Descriptors: Adults, Annotated Bibliographies, Cognitive Processes, Conceptual Tempo
Gerson, Richard F. – 1978
In this research on motor short-term memory it was hypothesized that subjects making free-selected movements would evidence superior reproduction accuracy over subjects making preselected movements, whose reproduction performance would be superior to subjects making constrained movements. Subjects making free-selected movements were allowed to…
Descriptors: Kinesthetic Perception, Memory, Patterned Responses, Physical Education
Furukawa, James M.; And Others – 1978
Data from three general psychology classes were used in a study of the chunking method of teaching and studying. Two classes participated in a study on chunking study outline (CSO) length, and one in a study on retention rates. Results of students with high and low cognitive processing capacities (CPC) were also compared. It was found that a CSO…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Educational Research, Higher Education, Memory
Bradbard, Marilyn R.; Endsley, Richard C. – 1979
The main purpose of this study was to address this question: When preschool children are exposed to novel objects, will their tactual and verbal information-seeking about these objects and the amount of information they remember about these same objects be influenced by whether an adult labels them as things "for girls" or "for…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Information Seeking, Memory
Lehman, Elyse Brauch; And Others – 1984
A study of children's and young adults' retention of words and their presentation modality addressed three issues: (1) how long the modality information is retained, (2) whether children or adults lose it more rapidly, and (3) whether the word or modality information is lost more rapidly. The study consisted of two experiments. In the first, 32…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, College Students, Comparative Analysis
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