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Yeo, Darren J.; Fazio, Lisa K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Testing (having students recall material) and worked examples (having students study a completed problem) are both recommended as effective methods for improving learning. The two strategies rely on different underlying cognitive processes and thus may strengthen different types of learning in different ways. Across three experiments, we examine…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Recall (Psychology), Problem Solving, Learning Processes
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Abel, Magdalena; Haller, Valerie; Köck, Hanna; Pötschke, Sarah; Heib, Dominik; Schabus, Manuel; Bäuml, Karl-Heinz T. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Retrieval practice relative to restudy of learned material typically attenuates time-dependent forgetting. A recent study examining this testing effect across 12-h delays filled with nocturnal sleep versus daytime wakefulness, however, showed that sleep directly following encoding benefited recall of restudied but not of retrieval practiced items,…
Descriptors: Sleep, Testing, Recall (Psychology), Memory
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Cahillane, Marie; MacLean, Piers; Smy, Victoria – Interactive Learning Environments, 2019
Periods of no practice in performing a technical procedure may impact on the retention of the procedural skills required to produce VLE content. This exploratory paper reports a case study into the application of a validated skills retention model, the User Decision Aid (UDA). Use of the UDA results in a series of indicative retention rates…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Retention (Psychology)
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Kelley, Matthew R.; Chapman-Orr, Elizabeth K.; Calkins, Susanna; Lemke, Robert J. – Teaching of Psychology, 2019
The present study explored the generation and retrieval practice effects within a college classroom using a free, online tool called PeerWise (PW). PW allows students to create their own multiple-choice questions, share them with peers, and answer the shared questions written by their peers. Forty students from two sections of an upper level…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Computer Uses in Education, Cognitive Psychology, Memory
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Choffin, Benoît; Popineau, Fabrice; Bourda, Yolaine; Vie, Jill-Jênn – International Educational Data Mining Society, 2019
Spaced repetition is among the most studied learning strategies in the cognitive science literature. It consists in temporally distributing exposure to an information so as to improve long-term memorization. Providing students with an adaptive and personalized distributed practice schedule would benefit more than just a generic scheduler. However,…
Descriptors: Intervals, Scheduling, Repetition, Memorization
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Sanchez, Alfonso Corbacho; Magro, Luis Javier Conejero – Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 2018
This article proves statistically the effectiveness of humour in the teaching of English and German to Spanish students of foreign languages. The referred lexicon is particularly troublemaking because of the difficulties that such vocabulary poses for Spanish learners of not-Latin-originated languages. The approach followed is a quantitative and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods, Humor
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Racsmány, Mihály; Szollosi, Ágnes; Bencze, Dorottya – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The "testing effect" refers to the striking phenomenon that repeated retrieval practice is one of the most effective learning strategies, and certainly more advantageous for long-term learning, than additional restudying of the same information. How retrieval can boost the retention of memories is still without unanimous explanation. In…
Descriptors: Memory, Testing, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology)
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Colon, Lorianna; Odynocki, Natalie; Santarelli, Anthony; Poulos, Andrew M. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Development and sex differentiation impart an organizational influence on the neuroanatomy and behavior of mammalian species. Prior studies suggest that brain regions associated with fear motivated defensive behavior undergo a protracted and sex-dependent development. Outside of adult animals, evidence for developmental sex differences in…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Fear, Behavior
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Abbassi, Adele; Hassaskhah, Jaleh; Tahriri, Abdorreza – International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 2018
This study targeted to explore the effect of memory strategy on EFL learners' vocabulary retention with a consideration of learners' multiple intelligences. In this study, the memory strategy consisted of three parts of grouping, acronym and images. The participants of this study were 80 male and female EFL learners of intermediate level who…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Memory, Learning Strategies, Second Language Learning
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National Academies Press, 2018
There are many reasons to be curious about the way people learn, and the past several decades have seen an explosion of research that has important implications for individual learning, schooling, workforce training, and policy. In 2000, "How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition" was published and its…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Educational Environment, Brain, Cultural Influences
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Mei, Hao; Logothetis, Nikos K.; Eschenko, Oxana – Learning & Memory, 2018
Spatial navigation depends on the hippocampal function, but also requires bidirectional interactions between the hippocampus (HPC) and the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The cross-regional communication is typically regulated by critical nodes of a distributed brain network. The thalamic nucleus reuniens (RE) is reciprocally connected to both HPC and…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals, Memory
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Cuevas, Joshua; Dawson, Bryan L. – Theory and Research in Education, 2018
This study tested two cognitive models, learning styles and dual coding, which make contradictory predictions about how learners process and retain visual and auditory information. Learning styles-based instructional practices are common in educational environments despite a questionable research base, while the use of dual coding is less…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Models, Comparative Analysis
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Todd, Amber; Romine, William – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
Modern genetics is a relatively new domain, but it is increasingly important for students to have a firm grasp on the content, because genetic technologies are becoming more commonplace. In a previous study, we used the Learning Progression-based Assessment of Modern Genetics to assess high school students' knowledge of genetics concepts after an…
Descriptors: High School Students, Genetics, Science Instruction, Retention (Psychology)
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Bae, Sarah E.; Richardson, Rick – Learning & Memory, 2018
Recent studies have shown that exposure to a novel environment may stabilize the persistence of weak memories, a phenomenon often attributed to a process referred to as "behavioral tagging." While this phenomenon has been repeatedly demonstrated in adult animals, no studies to date have examined whether it occurs in infant animals, which…
Descriptors: Animals, Memory, Conditioning, Retention (Psychology)
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Hatakeyama, Taichi; Sugita, Manami; Yamada, Kazuo; Ichitani, Yukio – Learning & Memory, 2018
Temporal order memory was analyzed using a spontaneous object recognition (SOR) paradigm in rats. In SOR, animals were allowed to explore freely two or five different objects sequentially in the sample phase, and then, two different objects shown in the sample phase were simultaneously presented, and exploration time of object shown earlier…
Descriptors: Memory, Animals, Recognition (Psychology), Time
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