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Yamagata, Satoshi – Language Teaching Research, 2018
The present study investigated the effects of two types of core-image-based basic verb learning approaches: the learner-centered and the teacher-centered approaches. The learner-centered approach was an activity in which participants found semantic relationships among several definitions of each basic target verb through a picture-elucidated card…
Descriptors: Verbs, English (Second Language), Questionnaires, Accuracy
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Schuetze, Ulf – Language Teaching Research, 2015
This article reports the results of two experiments using the spacing technique (Leitner, 1972; Landauer & Bjork, 1978) in second language vocabulary acquisition. In the past, studies in this area have produced mixed results attempting to differentiate between massed, uniform and expanded intervals of spacing (Balota, Duchek, & Logan,…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, German, Second Language Instruction, Introductory Courses
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Laufer, Batia; Rozovski-Roitblat, Bella – Language Teaching Research, 2015
We examined how learning new second language (L2) words was affected by three "task type" conditions (reading only, reading with a dictionary, reading and word focused exercises), three "number of encounters" conditions and their combinations. Three groups of L2 learners (n = 185) were exposed to 30 target words (one group in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning, Task Analysis, Dictionaries
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Webb, Stuart; Chang, Anna C-S. – Language Teaching Research, 2015
This study investigated (1) the extent of vocabulary learning through reading and listening to 10 graded readers, and (2) the relationship between vocabulary gain and the frequency and distribution of occurrence of 100 target words in the graded readers. The experimental design expanded on earlier studies that have typically examined incidental…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Vocabulary Development, Word Frequency
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Dias de Oliveira Santos, Victor – Language Teaching Research, 2015
Knowledge of lexical items is arguably the most essential aspect of being able to communicate in a foreign language (Richards, 2000). Many studies have examined effective strategies for retaining the meaning of foreign words, but studies investigating the effectiveness of different methods for the retention of essential grammatical features of…
Descriptors: Color, Imagery, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Dobao, Ana Fernández – Language Teaching Research, 2014
This study examined the opportunities that pair and small group interaction offer for collaborative dialogue and second language (L2) vocabulary learning. It compared the performance of the same collaborative writing task by learners working in groups of four (n = 60) and in pairs (n = 50), focusing on the occurrence of lexical language-related…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Task Analysis, Second Language Learning, Pretests Posttests
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Moonen, Machteld; de Graaff, Rick; Westhoff, Gerard; Brekelmans, Mieke – Language Teaching Research, 2014
This study focuses on the effects of task type on the retention and ease of activation of second language (L2) vocabulary, based on the multi-feature hypothesis (Moonen, De Graaff, & Westhoff, 2006). Two tasks were compared: a writing task and a list-learning task. It was hypothesized that performing the writing task would yield higher…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Task Analysis, Time on Task, Second Language Learning
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Niu, Ruiying; Helms-Park, Rena – Language Teaching Research, 2014
This study investigates the roles of collaborative output, the modality of output, and word engagement in vocabulary learning and retention by Chinese-speaking undergraduate EFL learners. The two treatment groups reconstructed a passage that they had read in one of two ways: (1) dyadic oral interaction while producing a written report (Written…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Oral Language, Control Groups, Written Language
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de Guerrero, María C. M.; Commander, Millie – Language Teaching Research, 2013
Imitation has a fundamental role in learning and development within Vygotskyan sociocultural theory. In this study, we adopt a sociocultural theory view of imitation as an intentional, meaningful, and transformative process leading learners to higher developmental levels. The study centers on instances of imitation that occurred as adult learners…
Descriptors: Sociocultural Patterns, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Task Analysis
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Eckerth, Johannes; Tavakoli, Parveneh – Language Teaching Research, 2012
Research on incidental second language (L2) vocabulary acquisition through reading has claimed that repeated encounters with unfamiliar words and the relative elaboration of processing these words facilitate word learning. However, so far both variables have been investigated in isolation. To help close this research gap, the current study…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Vocabulary Development, Word Frequency, Word Recognition
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Laufer, Batia; Rozovski-Roitblat, Bella – Language Teaching Research, 2011
We investigated how long-term retention of new words was affected by task type, number of word occurrences in the teaching materials and the combination of the two factors. The tasks were: reading a text with occasional Focus on Form when learners used dictionaries (T+F), or reading a text with Focus on Forms, i.e. word focused exercises (T+Fs).…
Descriptors: Dictionaries, Vocabulary Development, Incidental Learning, Second Language Learning
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Boers, Frank; Piquer Piriz, Ana Maria; Stengers, Helene; Eyckmans, June – Language Teaching Research, 2009
Experimental evidence suggests that pictorial elucidation helps learners comprehend and remember the meaning of second language (L2) idioms. In this article we address the question whether it also helps retention of the form of idioms, i.e. their precise lexical composition. In a small-scale experiment, the meaning of English idioms was clarified…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Cognitive Style, Textbooks, Vocabulary Development
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Keating, Gregory D. – Language Teaching Research, 2008
This study tests the claim that word learning and retention in a second language are contingent upon a task's involvement load (i.e. the amount of need, search, and evaluation it imposes), as proposed by Laufer and Hulstijn (2001). Seventy-nine beginning learners of Spanish completed one of three vocabulary learning tasks that varied in the amount…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Sentences, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development
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Boers, Frank; Eyckmans, June; Stengers, Helene – Language Teaching Research, 2007
Instead of being completely arbitrary, the meaning of many idioms is "motivated" by their original, literal usage. In an FLT context, this offers the possibility of presenting idioms in ways that promote insightful learning rather than "blind" memorization. Associating an idiom with its etymology has been shown to enhance retention. This effect…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Etymology, Mnemonics, Figurative Language
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Rott, Susanne; Williams, Jessica; Cameron, Richard – Language Teaching Research, 2002
Examined the effect on lexical acquisition and retention of first language (L1) multiple-choice glosses, second language (L2) text reconstruction with opportunities to recheck input, and combined treatments. Findings suggests that the multiple-choice gloss treatment resulted in significantly deeper productive and receptive word gains immediately…
Descriptors: Applied Linguistics, College Students, German, Higher Education