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Peterson, Lloyd R.; Johnson, Suzanne T. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1971
Research was supported by a National Science Foundation grant to Indiana University. (VM)
Descriptors: Acoustics, Articulation (Speech), Auditory Perception, Memory
Watkins, Michael J.; Peynircioglu, Zehra F. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1983
Two experiments are reported testing bilinguals' recall of words presented in one of two languages and under several conditions. Performance was best when the individuals had seen the word itself, less good when they had seen the other language's equivalent, and equally or least good when they had seen neither. (MSE)
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Cloze Procedure, Code Switching (Language), Context Clues
Geiselman, Ralph E.; Crawley, Joseph M. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1983
Discusses how paralinguistics information of a voice is remembered without apparent intent and concludes that this happens because the connotation of the voice influences the meaning of what is being said. (EKN)
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Language Processing, Language Research, Paralinguistics
Ellis, Henry C.; Franklin, James B. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1983
Examines the effects of having both a semantic and a superficial perceptual category for organizing lists of words in free recall. Discusses the effect of individual difference characteristics, such as personality characteristics of the subject, on the results. (EKN)
Descriptors: Association (Psychology), Associative Learning, Cues, Language Processing
Pratt, Michael W.; And Others – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1982
Investigates the role of story schemata (setting, theme, resolution, plot, etc.) in adults' metacognitive monitoring of overall knowledge of stories. (EKN)
Descriptors: Coherence, Comprehension, Cues, Language Processing
Marcus, Sandra L. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1982
Examines recall of passages in order to determine relative importance of lines according to their function in argument. Results indicate that hypothetical assumptions and their logical consequences are less well remembered than facts and that facts introduced are better recalled than facts conducted in the course of an argument. (EKN)
Descriptors: Language Processing, Language Research, Language Usage, Logical Thinking
Hanson, Vicki L.; Bellugi, Ursula – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1982
Investigates sentence processing in a visual-gestural language by testing signers' recognition for American Sign Language sentences. Results indicate that signers decompose a complex sign into its lexical and inflectional components during sentence comprehension and remember the meaning expressed by these components rather than remembering the…
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Communication (Thought Transfer), Expressive Language, Language Patterns
Rothkopf, E. Z.; Billington, M. J. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1983
Examines whether, after a single reading, the recall of text elements depends on the length of the passage. Results show more detail was remembered 23 hours later for short passages than for long. Concludes that negative effects of passage length on test performance were due in part to acquisition processes rather than retrieval. (EKN)
Descriptors: Language Processing, Language Research, Reading Comprehension, Reading Rate
Spoehr, Kathryn T. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1978
Three experiments use a tachistoscopic word recognition task to investigate how skilled readers covert visual input into a speech-related or phonological code during reading. (Author/NCR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Language Processing, Language Research, Learning Processes
Whaley, C. P. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1978
Given the currently numerous applications of word-nonword classification tasks in psychological research, the present study was designed to determine the relative influences of a large number of potentially important variables on response time in tasks of this sort. (Author/NCR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cues, Language Processing, Language Research
Ashcraft, Mark H. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1978
Reaction time to verify property statements was examined in the context of two semantic distance factors--typicality of the category member in the subject of the statement, and dominance of the category member's property in the predicate. (Author/NCR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Language Processing, Language Research, Memory
Stein, Barry S. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1978
Two experiments examined the effects of level of processing and uniqueness of encoding on the ability to recognize the nominal stimulus among either semantically similar or structurally similar distractor items. (Author/NCR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Language Processing, Language Research, Memory
Humphreys, Michael S. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1978
The probability of recognizing a member of a word pair tested with the pair intact was shown to equal the probability of recognizing a single word plus the probability of recalling an unrecognized word. (Author/NCR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cues, Language Processing, Language Research
Weisberg, Robert; And Others – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1978
This article examined several possible explanations for the negative effect found by Judson, et al., in their experiments which examined the facilitation of problem solving through acquisition of relevant associations. (Author/NCR)
Descriptors: Association (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests, Learning Processes
Glenn, Christine G. – Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1978
It was hypothesized that if the episodic structure of a story determines subjects' organization of that story in memory, then variation in structure should affect the organization of information in recall. (Author/NCR)
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Cognitive Processes, Language Processing, Language Research
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