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Showing 1 to 15 of 119 results Save | Export
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Yeo, Darren J.; Fazio, Lisa K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Testing (having students recall material) and worked examples (having students study a completed problem) are both recommended as effective methods for improving learning. The two strategies rely on different underlying cognitive processes and thus may strengthen different types of learning in different ways. Across three experiments, we examine…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Recall (Psychology), Problem Solving, Learning Processes
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Leopold, Claudia; Mayer, Richard E.; Dutke, Stephan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
In 2 experiments, college students read a 4-paragraph text on how the human circulatory system works and were instructed to form a mental image of the events described in each paragraph from the perspective of their own body (first-person perspective group) or from the perspective of a fictitious person facing them (third-person perspective…
Descriptors: Imagination, Visualization, Reader Text Relationship, Science Curriculum
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Yang, Chunliang; Chew, Siew-Jong; Sun, Bukuan; Shanks, David R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Interim testing of studied information, compared with restudying or no treatment, facilitates subsequent learning and retention of new information--"the forward testing effect." Previous research exploring this effect has shown that interim testing of studied information from a given domain enhances subsequent learning and retention of…
Descriptors: Testing, Transfer of Training, Retention (Psychology), Prior Learning
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Ziegler, Esther; Edelsbrunner, Peter A.; Star, Jon R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Introducing new concepts to learners in an order of increasing complexity appears to be beneficial for learning, but typically introduction of concepts does not always adhere to this principle. We examined whether introducing new algebra concepts in a contrasted manner or in an order of increasing complexity instead of a different more typical…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Difficulty Level, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction
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Fiorella, Logan; Stull, Andrew T.; Kuhlmann, Shelbi; Mayer, Richard E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
This study tested 3 instructor presence features in learning from video lectures: dynamic drawings, eye contact with the camera, and instructor visibility. In 2 experiments, college students watched a video lecture about the human kidney, which consisted of a series of drawings and a spoken explanation from the instructor, and then took a written…
Descriptors: Lecture Method, Video Technology, Nonverbal Communication, Freehand Drawing
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Pan, Steven C.; Tajran, Jahan; Lovelett, Jarrett; Osuna, Jessica; Rickard, Timothy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Do the cognitive benefits of "interleaving"--the method of alternating between two or more skills or concepts during training--extend to foreign language learning? In four experiments, we investigated the efficacy of interleaved versus conventional blocked practice for teaching adult learners to conjugate Spanish verbs in the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Spanish, Verbs, Form Classes (Languages)
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Li, Wenjing; Wang, Fuxing; Mayer, Richard E.; Liu, Huashan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Previous studies have shown that students learn better from an online lesson when a gesturing pedagogical agent is added (Mayer & DaPra, 2012; Wang, Li, Mayer, & Liu, 2018). The goal of this study is to pinpoint which aspect of a gesturing pedagogical agent causes an improvement in learning from an online lesson. College students learned…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Nonverbal Communication, Electronic Learning, Eye Movements
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Wang, Fuxing; Li, Wenjing; Mayer, Richard E.; Liu, Huashan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The goal of the present study is to determine how to incorporate social cues such as gesturing in animated pedagogical agents (PAs) for online multimedia lessons in ways that promote student learning. In 3 experiments, college students learned about synaptic transmission from a multimedia narrated presentation while their eye movements were…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Multimedia Instruction, Cues, Nonverbal Communication
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Ramirez, Gerardo; McDonough, Ian M.; Jin, Ling – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The ability to retain educationally relevant content in a readily accessible state in memory is critical for students at all stages in schooling. We hypothesized that a high degree of stress in mathematics courses can threaten students' mathematics self-concept and lead to a motivation to forget course content. We tested the aforementioned…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Stress Variables, Calculus, College Students
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Martin-Chang, Sandra – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The self-teaching hypothesis posits that enduring orthographic and phonological representations are produced when children independently recode print into speech. However, very little research has examined how children self-teach when initial decoding attempts are weak or ineffective. In this within-participant design, 25 students in Grade 2…
Descriptors: Reading, Feedback (Response), Decoding (Reading), Grade 2
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Fiorella, Logan; Mayer, Richard E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
In 4 experiments, participants viewed a short video-based lesson about how the Doppler effect works. Some students viewed already-drawn diagrams while listening to a concurrent oral explanation, whereas other students listened to the same explanation while viewing the instructor actually draw the diagrams by hand. All students then completed…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Observational Learning, Freehand Drawing
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Pan, Steven C.; Gopal, Arpita; Rickard, Timothy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Does correctly answering a test question about a multiterm fact enhance memory for the entire fact? We explored that issue in 4 experiments. Subjects first studied Advanced Placement History or Biology facts. Half of those facts were then restudied, whereas the remainder were tested using "5 W" (i.e., "who, what, when, where",…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Testing, Test Items, Memory
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Leopold, Claudia; Mayer, Richard E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Asking students to imagine the spatial arrangement of the elements in a scientific text constitutes a learning strategy intended to foster deep processing of the instructional material. Two experiments investigated the effects of mental imagery prompts on learning from scientific text. Students read a computer-based text on the human respiratory…
Descriptors: Imagination, Scientific and Technical Information, Learning Strategies, Instructional Materials
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Mayrath, Michael C.; Nihalani, Priya K.; Robinson, Daniel H. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
In 2 experiments, 241 undergraduates with low domain knowledge viewed a tutorial on how to use Packet Tracer (PT), a computer-networking training simulation developed by the Cisco Networking Academy. Participants were then tested on retention of tutorial content and transfer using PT. Tutorial modality (text, narration, or narration plus text) was…
Descriptors: Narration, Multimedia Instruction, Epistemology, Undergraduate Students
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Chariker, Julia H.; Naaz, Farah; Pani, John R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
A longitudinal experiment was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of new methods for learning neuroanatomy with computer-based instruction. Using a three-dimensional graphical model of the human brain and sections derived from the model, tools for exploring neuroanatomy were developed to encourage "adaptive exploration". This is an…
Descriptors: Anatomy, Neurological Organization, Computer Assisted Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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