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Abel, Magdalena; Haller, Valerie; Köck, Hanna; Pötschke, Sarah; Heib, Dominik; Schabus, Manuel; Bäuml, Karl-Heinz T. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Retrieval practice relative to restudy of learned material typically attenuates time-dependent forgetting. A recent study examining this testing effect across 12-h delays filled with nocturnal sleep versus daytime wakefulness, however, showed that sleep directly following encoding benefited recall of restudied but not of retrieval practiced items,…
Descriptors: Sleep, Testing, Recall (Psychology), Memory
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Leopold, Claudia; Mayer, Richard E.; Dutke, Stephan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
In 2 experiments, college students read a 4-paragraph text on how the human circulatory system works and were instructed to form a mental image of the events described in each paragraph from the perspective of their own body (first-person perspective group) or from the perspective of a fictitious person facing them (third-person perspective…
Descriptors: Imagination, Visualization, Reader Text Relationship, Science Curriculum
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Marinovic, Vesna; Träuble, Birgit – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We investigated whether witnessing social exclusion influenced memory recall in preschool children. A sample of 81 children (M[subscript age] = 5 years, 4 months) first watched priming videos either depicting social exclusion or not. Subsequently, they participated in two memory tasks, one testing recall of numbers and the other testing recall of…
Descriptors: Social Isolation, Memory, Preschool Children, Numbers
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Sattler, Sabrina; Bogner, Franz X. – Environmental Education Research, 2017
Although zoos envision themselves as environmental education institutions and governmental policies require that students become environmentally responsible citizens, it is surprising, that little research is done with regard to school field trips to the zoo. Many students are not aware that their everyday life affects marine environments that may…
Descriptors: Outreach Programs, Conservation (Environment), Environmental Education, Field Trips
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Schönfelder, Mona L.; Bogner, Franz X. – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Pollinating animals are profoundly affected by the current loss of biodiversity, a problem that is of concern to science, policy-makers and the public. One possibility to raise awareness for pollinator conservation is education. Unfortunately, insects such as bees are often perceived as frightening creatures; a negative emotion that may hinder…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Animals, Observation, Experiential Learning
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Schindler, Julia; Richter, Tobias; Eyßer, Carolin – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
Generating information, compared to reading, improves learning and enhances long-term retention of the learned content. This so-called generation effect has been demonstrated repeatedly for recall and recognition of single words. However, before adopting generating as a learning strategy in educational contexts, conditions moderating the effect…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries, Predictor Variables
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Happ, Roland; Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, Olga; Schmidt, Susanne – Journal of Economic Education, 2016
In this article, the authors present the findings of a pretest-posttest measurement of the economic knowledge of students in introductory economics courses in undergraduate study programs in Germany. The responses of 403 students to 14 items selected from the "Test of Economic Literacy" (Soper and Walstad 1987) were analyzed to identify…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Introductory Courses, Economics Education, Pretests Posttests
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Seybold, Brigitte; Braunbeck, Thomas; Randler, Christoph – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2014
Nearly all primate species are globally threatened. Conservation approaches need to focus on local people and users of resources from the habitats of the apes. Students worldwide should become aware of the context and relationships in school, and they should change their usage and behaviour as the ultimate goals. This study explored the…
Descriptors: Primatology, Program Evaluation, Consciousness Raising, Factor Analysis
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Poehnl, Sabine; Bogner, Franz X. – Journal of Educational Research, 2013
Only recently has cognitive load theory been applied in conceptual change approaches. To the authors' knowledge, theirs is the first study to examine the effects on students' cognitive load of an approach contrary to a refutation text design. The authors combined computer and textbook instruction with involving alternative conceptions (ACs) to…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Genetics, Grade 9, High School Students
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Sellmann, Daniela; Bogner, Franz X. – Environmental Education Research, 2013
Although informal learning environments have been studied extensively, ours is one of the first studies to quantitatively assess the impact of learning in botanical gardens on students' cognitive achievement. We observed a group of 10th graders participating in a one-day educational intervention on climate change implemented in a botanical garden.…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Educational Environment, Climate, Botany
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Graf, Frauke; Lamm, Bettina; Goertz, Claudia; Kolling, Thorsten; Freitag, Claudia; Spangler, Sibylle; Fassbender, Ina; Teubert, Manuel; Vierhaus, Marc; Keller, Heidi; Lohaus, Arnold; Schwarzer, Gudrun; Knopf, Monika – Infant and Child Development, 2012
Three-month-old Cameroonian Nso farmer and German middle-class infants were compared regarding learning and retention in a computerized mobile task. Infants achieving a preset learning criterion during reinforcement were tested for immediate and long-term retention measured in terms of an increased response rate after reinforcement and after a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Infants, Middle Class, Learning Processes
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Rey, Gunter Daniel; Buchwald, Florian – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2011
The expertise reversal effect occurs when a learner's expertise moderates design principles such as the redundancy principle (i.e., redundant information should be excluded rather than included) derived from the cognitive load theory. Although this effect is supported by numerous experiments, indicating an overall large effect size, a variety of…
Descriptors: Fundamental Concepts, Instructional Design, Computer Assisted Instruction, Instructional Materials
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Rey, Gunter Daniel – Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 2010
Undergraduate students (N = 97) used an introductory text and a computer simulation to learn fundamental concepts about statistical analyses (e.g., analysis of variance, regression analysis and General Linear Model). Each learner was randomly assigned to one cell of a 2 (with or without instructional advice) x 2 (with or without time advice) x 2…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Feedback (Response), Undergraduate Students, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Naceur, Abdelmajid; Schiefele, Ulrich – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2005
The present work examined the influence of topic interest on the strength of different components of text representation and long-term retention according to the model of text processing by van Dijk and Kintsch (1983). A Series of relevant personality characteristics were assessed to control for alternative explanations of interest effect, A total…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Student Interests, Student Motivation, Retention (Psychology)
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Garnett, Steve – Teaching History, 2005
Steve Garnett, a senior teacher in charge of Teaching and Learning at Garibaldi College of Maths and Computing in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, shares some of the techniques that he uses to involve different kinds of learners in his post-16 lessons, and explains how he arrived at these approaches after reflecting on problems in his own early…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Retention (Psychology), Teaching Methods, Puppetry
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