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Mueller, Jutta L.; Friederici, Angela D.; Männel, Claudia – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants' ability to learn complex linguistic regularities from early on has been revealed by electrophysiological studies indicating that 3-month-olds, but not adults, can automatically detect non-adjacent dependencies between syllables. While different ERP responses in adults and infants suggest that both linguistic rule learning and its link to…
Descriptors: Linguistics, Auditory Discrimination, Preschool Children, Syllables
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Bakker, Merel; Torbeyns, Joke; Wijns, Nore; Verschaffel, Lieven; De Smedt, Bert – Developmental Science, 2019
Numerical competencies acquired in preschool are foundational and predictive for children's later mathematical development. It remains to be determined whether there are gender differences in these early numerical competencies which could explain the often-reported gender differences in later mathematics and STEM-related abilities. Using a…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Numeracy
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Tang, Ping; Yuen, Ivan; Xu Rattanasone, Nan; Gao, Liqun; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Weak syllables in Germanic and Romance languages have been reported to be challenging for young children, with syllable omission and/or incomplete reduction persisting till age five. In Mandarin Chinese, neutral tone (T0) involves a weak syllable with varied pitch realizations across (preceding) tonal contexts and short duration. The present study…
Descriptors: Syllables, Mandarin Chinese, Tone Languages, Intonation
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Brouwer, Susanne; Özkan, Deniz; Küntay, Aylin C. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated whether cross-linguistic differences affect semantic prediction. We assessed this by looking at two languages, Dutch and Turkish, that differ in word order and thus vary in how words come together to create sentence meaning. In an eye-tracking task, Dutch and Turkish four-year-olds (N = 40), five-year-olds (N = 58), and…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Contrastive Linguistics, Semantics
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Han, Min Kyung; Storkel, Holly; Bontempo, Daniel E. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Many studies have addressed the effect of neighborhood density (phonological similarity among words) on word learning in quiet listening conditions. We explored how noise influences the effect of neighborhood density on children's word learning. One-hundred-and-two preschoolers learned nonwords varied in neighborhood density in one of four…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Phonology
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Kachel, Ulrike; Tomasello, Michael – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The problem with collaboration is that there are temptations to defect. Explicit joint commitments are designed to mitigate some of the risks, but people also feel committed to others implicitly when they both know together that they each hold the other's fate in their hands. In the current study, pairs of 3-year-old and 5-year-old children (N =…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Cooperation, Persistence, Resistance (Psychology)
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Duncan, Michael; Cunningham, Anna; Eyre, Emma – European Physical Education Review, 2019
This study examined the effect of a six week combined movement and story-telling intervention on motor competence and naming vocabulary in British pre-schoolers. Using a cluster randomised design, three pre-school classes were allocated to one of a combined movement and story-telling intervention (n = 22), or a movement only (n = 25) or…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Intervention, Motor Development, Psychomotor Skills
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Fujisawa, Keiko K.; Todo, Naoya; Ando, Juko – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Identifying the cognitive capacities associated with the development of school readiness is indispensable to support children's successful school transition. It has been shown that executive function (EF) in preschoolers is associated with both concurrent preacademic and subsequent academic skills. However, most research has controlled for the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Executive Function, Preschool Children, Genetics
Zimmermann, Laura; Foster, Lindsey; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy – American Educator, 2019
The last 15 years have witnessed a quiet revolution in the understanding of spatial skills, and the authors are finding that these all-important science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) competencies are rooted in spatial knowledge. Spatial skills are the tools use to visualize and navigate the world. Spatial skills allows people to…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, STEM Education, Play, Toys
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Park-Johnson, Sunny K. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2019
Korean employs case ellipsis (CE), in which nouns are permitted to appear without case markers in certain contexts, particularly in informal settings. Heritage speakers (HS) are typically exposed to informal registers and thus exposed to fewer uses of overt case markers in the input. Given the limited exposure, it is predicted that young HS of…
Descriptors: Korean, Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Koops, Lisa Huisman – General Music Today, 2019
In this column, I consider the important supporting players for an early childhood music educator: classroom teachers, administrators, support staff, parents and caregivers, and children. I argue that it is vital for early childhood music educators to view these individuals as part of their "village" and reach out to make connections…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Music Teachers, Music Education, Parent Teacher Cooperation
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Hirst, Nicola – Education 3-13, 2019
This paper considers an Action Research project which was implemented to establish a shared understanding of the term 'Education for Sustainable development' within the context of an Early Childhood Studies degree. Students engaged in projects with children and local early years' providers, and the research aligns with previous work undertaken by…
Descriptors: Sustainable Development, Early Childhood Education, Change Agents, Undergraduate Students
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Mitchell, Edwina – Education 3-13, 2019
This small-scale interpretative study, carried out in the reception classes of three English primary academies, examined educator perceptions of summer-born children, their expectations of children on entry to reception classes and whether those expectations were age differentiated. It also investigated the support and intervention strategies used…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Expectations of Students, Preschool Teachers
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Kendall, Lynne – Education 3-13, 2019
This study draws upon data gathered from five parents who have children with Down syndrome (DS), being educated in mainstream settings in England. The parental perspective of practices, both inclusive and otherwise, is explored through a qualitative lens. Findings suggest that early intervention, such as portage, is important. However, access to…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Mainstreaming, Parents, Foreign Countries
Neuman, Susan B. – American Educator, 2019
The early years are times of wonder for children. Curious about everything, they seek to explore and understand their world. During these early years, they attempt to interpret their world and make meaning through pretend play, drawing, and conversations with those closest to them. Although these first steps toward literacy may not look much like…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Preschool Education, Emergent Literacy, Preschool Children
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