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Seiter, John S.; Seiter, Christian R. – Communication Teacher, 2020
Courses: Interpersonal Communication, Health Communication. Objectives: In this single-class activity, students gain awareness and practice in suspending judgments about "difficult" people in order to understand the reasoning behind certain objectionable behavior.
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Interpersonal Relationship, Evaluative Thinking, Value Judgment
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Stephens, Rachel G.; Dunn, John C.; Hayes, Brett K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
When asked to determine whether a syllogistic argument is deductively valid, people are influenced by their prior beliefs about the believability of the conclusion. Recently, two competing explanations for this belief bias effect have been proposed, each based on signal detection theory (SDT). Under a response bias explanation, people set more…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Bias, Logical Thinking, Persuasive Discourse
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Hoffart, Janine Christin; Rieskamp, Jörg; Dutilh, Gilles – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
In everyday life, people encounter smaller rewards with higher probability than larger rewards. Do people expect this reward--probability regularity to hold in experimental settings? To answer this question, we tested whether people's behavior in probability judgment tasks is affected by the correlation between reward size and reward…
Descriptors: Environmental Influences, Information Seeking, Probability, Evaluative Thinking
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Walker, Peter; Parameswaran, Caroline Regina – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
In sound symbolism, a word's sound induces expectations about the nature of a salient aspect of the word's referent. P. Walker (2016a) proposed that cross-sensory correspondences can be the source of these expectations, and the present study assessed three implications flowing from this proposal. First, sound symbolism will embrace a wide range of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Acoustics, Vowels, Phonemes
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Can, S. Nazli; Saribas, Deniz – Science & Education, 2019
The aim of the present study is to explore pre-service elementary teachers' evaluations of the evidence and models and their positions on a socio-scientific topic, namely genetically modified organisms (GMOs), after evaluating them through Model Evidence Link (MEL) diagrams. The findings of this study show that the participants mostly constructed…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Science and Society
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Threadgill, Elizabeth J.; Price, Larry R. – Journal of Media Literacy Education, 2019
This article focuses on media literacy education for college students. First, we conducted psychometric analyses to verify the properties of the "Critical Evaluation and Analysis of Media (CEAM)" scale. CEAM measures college students' self-reported practices for critically evaluating and analyzing the credibility, audience, and technical…
Descriptors: College Students, Measures (Individuals), Likert Scales, Media Literacy
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Lally, Diane; Forbes, Cory – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Introductory undergraduate courses present an opportunity to use disciplinary concepts in solving authentic problems. Making complex natural systems accessible to students through computer-based models allows them to practice making evidence-based predictions and communicate understanding. Despite the importance of modelling tools in formal…
Descriptors: Models, Water, Introductory Courses, Undergraduate Students
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Gunther, Jeffrey – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2019
How working conditions, personal characteristics, and school factors influence teacher recruitment and retention is an oft-studied topic in the field of education finance and policy. Through decades of research, it has become increasingly clear that teachers respond to a set of monetary and non-monetary factors when making decisions in the teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teaching Conditions, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Recruitment
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Darner, Rebekka – Educational Researcher, 2019
An unwillingness to consider empirical evidence that contradicts one's desired conclusion, or science denial, is an enormous barrier to producing an informed citizenry. This essay explores literature on conceptual change and motivation to put forth fresh ideas on how curricula can foster science acceptance, or the willingness to engage in critical…
Descriptors: Defense Mechanisms, Evaluative Thinking, Evidence, Negative Attitudes
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Reed, Katherine; Hiles, Sara Shipley; Tipton, Peter – Journalism and Mass Communication Educator, 2019
Long before "fake news" became a catchphrase, misguided beliefs about scientific truths undermined the free exercise of democracy and personal decision-making. Journalistic norms such as providing false balance in the name of "objectivity," deliberate manipulation by vested interests, and the human tendency toward confirmation…
Descriptors: Journalism Education, Science Education, Advocacy, Scientific Literacy
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Mason, Blake; Rau, Martina A.; Nowak, Robert – Cognitive Science, 2019
Visual representations are prevalent in STEM instruction. To benefit from visuals, students need representational competencies that enable them to see meaningful information. Most research has focused on explicit conceptual representational competencies, but implicit perceptual competencies might also allow students to efficiently see meaningful…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, STEM Education, Task Analysis, Competence
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Sharma, Payal; Pandher, Jagwinder Singh – Journal of Workplace Learning, 2019
Purpose: This study aims to identify and classify various competences and competencies that educational leaders should essentially possess. Design/methodology/approach: The systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify various competences of educational leaders in the institutions. Later, an empirical research was conducted. The…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Technical Education, Technical Institutes, Instructional Leadership
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Manfra, Meghan McGlinn – Social Education, 2019
As society continues to confront the implications of fake news and misinformation for American democracy, particularly the effects on public institutions, it is natural to turn to examples from the past. Digital libraries and archives provide students with unprecedented access to media from the past. Digital history includes the raw materials of…
Descriptors: Media Literacy, Archives, Electronic Libraries, History Instruction
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Wang, Jue; Engelhard, George, Jr. – Journal of Educational Measurement, 2019
Rater-mediated assessments exhibit scoring challenges due to the involvement of human raters. The quality of human ratings largely determines the reliability, validity, and fairness of the assessment process. Our research recommends that the evaluation of ratings should be based on two aspects: a theoretical model of human judgment and an…
Descriptors: Evaluative Thinking, Models, Measurement, Achievement
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Kinslow, Andrew T.; Sadler, Troy D.; Nguyen, Hai T. – Environmental Education Research, 2019
The complex environmental challenges humanity faces require citizens who are scientifically and environmentally literate. Many environmental education programs are situated in the field where students are immersed in their learning. These field-based activities are engaging but may lack opportunities for students to develop critical thinking and…
Descriptors: Science and Society, Scientific Literacy, Environmental Education, Ecology
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