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Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
This manuscript provides a historical and pedagogical framework for American educational and sociopolitical responses after national tragedies (e.g., Pearl Harbor, 9/11). Moreover, this research explores the overt xenophobic and ethnocentric tendencies (exacerbated by media forums) after these events, which triggered resurgence in a sort of "trauma-based patriotism" or jingoism. Lastly, the research puts forth pedagogical strategies for teachers and educational leaders based in diversity and multiculturalism that will assist in healing the fractured realities of the 9/11 tragedy and serve to offer a thread of social justice-based continuity in social studies and civic education in the continuing post-9/11 years.