National Association for Bilingual Education, 1030 15th Street, NW, Suite 470, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-898-1829; Fax: 202-789-2866; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.nabe.org.
Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
The purpose of this research was to ascertain whether the Hmong language and culture were shifting or were being maintained within a generational cross-section of 12 Hmong participants in Merced, California. Data was collected in the form of interviews, questionnaires, Internet research, and library research. The results of the study showed that though there were Hmong language and cultural resources available in Merced, the participants nonetheless seemed to be undergoing a generational shift in their heritage language in terms of both ability and use, as well as their attitudes about and participation in their heritage culture.