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Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
The authors attempted to replicate and extend D. M. Kivlighan and P. Shaughnessy's (2000) findings of (a) 3 distinctive patterns of alliance development across sessions and (b) a differential association of one of these, a U-shaped quadratic growth pattern, with positive treatment outcome. In data drawn from a clinical trial of brief psychotherapies for depression (N = 79 clients), the authors distinguished 4 patterns of alliance development. These matched 2 of Kivlighan and Shaughnessy's patterns, but not the U-shaped pattern, and none was differentially associated with outcome. However, further examination of the data identified a subset of clients (n = 17) who experienced rupture-repair sequences--brief V-shaped deflections rather than U-shaped profiles. These clients tended to make greater gains in treatment than did the other clients.