This document contains 14 individual papers by prominent scholars who provide a historical perspective on current educational reforms. The three essays in part 1 examine some of the major changes in educational development and reform. These include: (1) "Antiquarianism and American Education: Assimilation, Adjustment, Access" (Patricia Graham); (2) "Recent History of U.S. Governance" (Michael Kirst); and (3) "Historical Perspectives on School-based Social Services in the United States" (Michael Sedlak). The three essays in the second part examine the controversies surrounding questions of equity and multiculturalism in American education. These include: (4) "The Educational Equities in Historical Perspective" (David Kirp); (5) "The Construction of Ethnic Diversity and National Identity in the Public Schools" (Reed Ueda); and (6) "Multiculturalism and History: Historical Perspectives and Present Prospects" (Gary Nash). Some of the current major reform efforts are addressed in three essays in part 3. These include: (7) "Standards in American Educational History" (Diane Ravitch); (8) "Reinventing Schooling: Utopian Impulses and Historical Scoreboard" (David Tyack); and (9) "A History of the Choice Debate in American Education" (Paul Peterson). The five essays in part 4 examine the six national education goals from a historical perspective. These are: (10) "School Readiness and Early Childhood Education: Some Historical Perspectives" (Maris Vinovskis); (11) "Dead End or Detour? School Leaving in Historical Perspective" (Joseph Kett); (12) "Rhetoric and Reform: The American High School Curriculum 1945-1990" (David Angus and Jeffrey Mirel); (13) "Literate America: High-Level Adult Literacy as a National Goal" (Carl Kaestle); and (14) "From 'Reefer Madness' to 'A Clockwork Orange'?" (William Reese). References accompany each article. (LMI)
To be published in revised form by Johns Hopkins University Press in the Fall of 1994.
1 - Available on microfiche
Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.