Three dimensions of education--development of knowledge, training of mental abilities, and development of character--and their implications for social and individual good are discussed in this paper. Education is described as the process that prepares young people for their social inheritance through the transmission of societal values. A recommendation is that knowledge development should be based on cultural knowledge and should stress student effort over whatever interests the child already happens to have. Mental discipline, or learning how to complete responsibility, is the central premise of the training of mental ability. The first two dimensions contribute to character development, which transmits cultural and moral values through discipline. Education is based on the premise that knowledge does not give rise to a culture's character, but rather the character of a culture gives rise to its knowledge and direction. A conclusion is that failure to develop character and morality through education fails the fundamental premise of education--the preparation of the young to inherit and strengthen their society. (LMI)
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania School Boards Association (Lewisburg, PA, July 19-21, 1990).