The study examined the speech production strategies used by 4 young children (30- to 32-months-old) with cleft palate and velopharyngeal inadequacy during the early stages of phonological learning. All the children had had primary palatal surgery and were producing primarily single word utterances with a few 2- and 3-word phrases. Analysis of each child's speech indicated the children's speech was unlike like that of non-cleft children in that they frequently substituted the more open sonovant consonants for the more closed obstruents, oral stops were frequently nasalized or produced with a secondary glottal constriction, and the place of articulation was maintained only for labials. The children's speech tended to be like that of non-cleft children in substituting stops for fricatives, in often preserving both voicing and place of articulation and in such phonological processes as assimilation and consonant reduction. Three references. (DB)
Paper presented at the Conference of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (St. Louis, MO, November 17-20, 1989).