The rise to prominence of the women's suffrage movement in the World War I years brought women reporters into U.S. newsrooms for the first time. In 1911 Emma Bugbee became the first woman hired as a "hard" news reporter for the "New York Tribune" (later the "Herald Tribune"). Ishbel Ross, author of "Ladies of the Press," got her start in journalism in 1916, when her interview of Emmaline Pankhurst, British suffragist leader, made the front page of the "Toronto Daily News." By 1919, the year Ross joined Bugbee at the "New York Tribune," Bugbee had worked her way to a desk down the hall from the newspaper's city room, where she covered suffrage news. While the suffragists marched for their rights, the women reporters covering suffrage news fought to get their stories on the front pages. According to Ross, when women's suffrage stories became page one news, women reporters were often replaced by their male colleagues. In 1914, Bugbee and others at the "New York Tribune" finally insisted they could handle the stories themselves and were given the chance. Bugbee walked with the suffragists on a week-long winter march from New York City to Albany, phoning her story in to the paper each night. Bugbee wrote for the "Tribune" for five decades; Ross eventually retired from journalism to write novels and biographies about American women. (Sixty-nine notes are included.) (MHC)
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (72nd, Washington, DC, August 10-13, 1989).
Case Histories; Women Journalists; Womens Suffrage; World War I