The paper reviews theory and research in the area of creative thinking and behavior. Theoretical interpretations or explanations of creative thinking are classified into five categories: definitional (introspective opinions on the nature of creativity), dispositional (Personality-based), psychoanalytic, behavioristic (traditional S-R psychology), and operational (specifying conditions for increasing creative behavior) approaches. The theoretical contributions of each approach are analyzed. It is concluded that existing explanatory constructs have relied upon larger, established systems (S-R behaviorism or Freudian psychology), and that no fully matured theoretical statement has been developed and directed specifically toward creativity. (Author/KW)
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Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.